Johannes Opstvedt

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trans Isometric fatty acids of partially hydrogenated fish oil (PHFO) consist oftrans 20∶1 andtrans 22∶1 in addition to thetrans isomers of 18∶1, which are abundant in hydrogenated vegetable oils, such as in partially hydrogenated soybean oil (PHSBO). The effects of dietarytrans fatty acids in PHFO and PHSBO on the fatty acid composition of milk were(More)
We assayed the availability of selenium in feeds and selenomethionine relative to selenium in sodium selenite for restoring blood serum glutathione peroxidase activity in selenium-depleted chicks. The contents of total selenium (determined by neutron activation analyses) were for eight samples of capelin fish meal, 1.34, two samples of mackerel fish meal,(More)
A dose response assay for the assessment of available iron in biological materials using chicks as experimental animals is described. Day-old chicks were fed on an iron-deficient diet for 2 to 3 weeks at which time the hematocrit had decreased to about 20%. After this depletion period, the standard groups were fed graded levels of iron sulphate up to a(More)
Female pigs were fed from three wk of age and up to two years a diet containing partially hydrogenated fish oil (PHFO, 28%trans monoenoic fatty acids), partially hydrogenated soybean oils (PHSBO, 36%trans fatty acids) or lard. No consistent differences were found between PHFO and PHSBO with regard to incorporation oftrans fatty acids in organ lipids,(More)
The racemization kinetics of aspartic acid in heat-treated whole herring have been studied under conditions of treatment comparable to those that may occur in processing of fish meal. D-Aspartic acid content in the samples has been measured by RP-HPLC with precolumn automatic derivatization. The major parameters affecting the rate of racemization of(More)
A series of 4 experiments with piglets and one experiment with rats has been conducted to establish the cardiac lipid status of weanling (3 weeks old) male animals fed fats with different contents of docosenoic fatty acids. Experimental fats were rapeseed oil (RSO) (48.0% 22∶1), refined fish oil (RFO) (14.6% 22∶1), partially hydrogenated fish oil (PHFO)(More)
The effects of dietarytrans fatty acids on tissue fatty acid composition were studied in newborn piglets delivered from sows fed partially hydrogenated fish oil (PHFO) (28%trans) or partially hydrogenated soybean oil (PHSBO) (36%trans) in comparison with lard (0%trans) from 3 wk of age and through gestation in Experiment 1, or fed PHFO or “fully”(More)
The effects of dietarytrans fatty acids on the fatty acid composition of the brain in comparison with other organs were studied in 3-wk-old suckling piglets. In Experiment (Expt.) 1 the piglets were delivered from sows fed partially hydrogenated fish oil (PHFO) (28%trans), partially hydrogenated soybean oil (PHSBO) (36%trans) or lard (0%trans). In Expt. 2(More)