Johannes Oldenburg

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Coumarin derivatives such as warfarin represent the therapy of choice for the long-term treatment and prevention of thromboembolic events. Coumarins target blood coagulation by inhibiting the vitamin K epoxide reductase multiprotein complex (VKOR). This complex recycles vitamin K 2,3-epoxide to vitamin K hydroquinone, a cofactor that is essential for the(More)
Anticoagulant compounds, i.e., derivatives of either 4-hydroxycoumarin (e.g., warfarin, bromadiolone) or indane-1,3-dione (e.g., diphacinone, chlorophacinone), have been in worldwide use as rodenticides for >50 years. These compounds inhibit blood coagulation by repression of the vitamin K reductase reaction (VKOR). Anticoagulant-resistant rodent(More)
In order to elucidate the role of VCORC1 sequence variants in warfarin sensitivity, we established a complete SNP map of the VKORC1 gene locus in 200 blood donors from Western Germany. Nearly all of the genetic variability of the VKORC1 gene in Europeans is reflected by three main haplotypes. Recently described polymorphisms associated with low warfarin(More)
Coumarin derivatives have been in world-wide use for rodent pest control for more than 50 years. Due to their retarded action as inhibitors of blood coagulation by repression of the vitamin K reductase (VKOR) activity, they are the rodenticides of choice against several species. Resistance to these compounds has been reported for rodent populations from(More)
BACKGROUND Chinese and Malay subjects have been reported to require less maintenance warfarin than Indians that could not be accounted for by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9 variants. Vitamin K epoxide reductase complex 1 (VKORC1) is the target enzyme of warfarin, and VKORC1 intronic variants and haplotypes have recently been shown to influence VKORC1 activity(More)
Vitamin K is a collective term for lipid-like naphthoquinone derivatives synthesized only in eubacteria and plants and functioning as electron carriers in energy transduction pathways and as free radical scavengers maintaining intracellular redox homeostasis. Paradoxically, vitamin K is a required micronutrient in animals for protein posttranslational(More)
BACKGROUND An isoleucine>methionine mutation at position 148 in the PNPLA3 gene (p.I148M, rs738409) has recently been identified as a susceptibility factor for liver damage in steatohepatitis. Here, we studied whether the PNPLA3 rs738409 polymorphism also affects predisposition to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS We compared distributions of PNPLA3(More)
We previously mapped a maternal locus responsible for biparental complete hydatidiform moles (BiCHMs) to 19q13.4. The two index patients had a total of 14 molar pregnancies, eight abortions at various developmental stages, and one 16-year-old healthy offspring. We suggested that the defective gene deregulates the expression of imprinted genes. Here, we(More)
Regulatory T cells exert their function through the modulation of both T and B cell responses. Our previous studies demonstrated that IL-10-producing Treg (Tr1) can induce B cells to secrete IgG4 in a cell-contact-dependent manner. The benefit of such non-inflammatory B-cell responses is apparent in the hyporesponsive state of patients with helminth(More)
Human vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase complex subunit 1-like 1 (VKORC1L1), expressed in HEK 293T cells and localized exclusively to membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum, was found to support both vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase (VKOR) and vitamin K reductase enzymatic activities. Michaelis-Menten kinetic parameters for dithiothreitol-driven VKOR activity(More)