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Assessment of the network of toxicity pathways by Omics technologies and bioinformatic data processing paves the road toward a new toxicology for the twenty-first century. Especially, the upstream network of responses, taking place in toxicant-treated cells before a point of no return is reached, is still little explored. We studied the effects of the model(More)
Parkinson’s disease (PD) coincides with a dramatic loss of dopaminergic neurons within the substantia nigra. A key player in the loss of dopaminergic neurons is oxidative stress. Dopamine (DA) metabolism itself is strongly linked to oxidative stress as its degradation generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) and DA oxidation can lead to endogenous(More)
Induced pluripotent stem cell bear the potential to differentiate into any desired cell type and hold large promise for disease-in-a-dish cell-modeling approaches. With the latest advances in the field of reprogramming technology, the generation of patient-specific cells has become a standard technology. However, directed and homogenous differentiation of(More)
The oncogene DJ-1 has been originally identified as a suppressor of PTEN. Further on, loss-of-function mutations have been described as a causative factor in Parkinson's disease (PD). DJ-1 has an important function in cellular antioxidant responses, but its role in central metabolism of neurons is still elusive. We applied stable isotope assisted metabolic(More)
AIMS 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is among the most widely used neurotoxins for inducing experimental parkinsonism. MPTP causes parkinsonian symptoms in mice, primates, and humans by killing a subpopulation of dopaminergic neurons. Extrapolations of data obtained using MPTP-based parkinsonism models to human disease are common; however, the(More)
The sequence of the human genome together with sequence similarity analyses has advanced the discovery of missing steps in the mitochondrial one-carbon metabolism pathway. That together with the revived interest in cancer metabolism has brought the research on one-carbon metabolism back under the spotlight. Here, we present a brief review of recent advances(More)
Adaptation to metabolic needs and changing environments is a basic requirement of every living system. These adaptations can be very quick and mild or slower but more drastic. In any case, cells have to constantly monitor their metabolic state and requirements. In this article we review general concepts as well as recent advances on how metabolites can(More)
Upon stimulation with Th1 cytokines or bacterial lipopolysaccharides, resting macrophages shift their phenotype toward a pro-inflammatory state as part of the innate immune response. LPS-activated macrophages undergo profound metabolic changes to adapt to these new physiological requirements. One key step to mediate this metabolic adaptation is the(More)
Serine catabolism to glycine and a one-carbon unit has been linked to the anabolic requirements of proliferating mammalian cells. However, genome-scale modeling predicts a catabolic role with one-carbon release as formate. We experimentally prove that in cultured cancer cells and nontransformed fibroblasts, most of the serine-derived one-carbon units are(More)
DJ-1 (PARK7) was first identified as an oncogene that represses PTEN and thus induces proliferation in certain types of cancer [1]. Later, it was found that loss of DJ-1 leads to early onset of Parkinson's disease, characterised by a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain [2]. Even after more than a decade of intense research, the exact cellular(More)
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