Johannes Luthman

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Conifers have dominated forests for more than 200 million years and are of huge ecological and economic importance. Here we present the draft assembly of the 20-gigabase genome of Norway spruce (Picea abies), the first available for any gymnosperm. The number of well-supported genes (28,354) is similar to the >100 times smaller genome of Arabidopsis(More)
Several pathogenic Alzheimer's disease (AD) mutations have been described, all of which cause increased amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) levels. Here we present studies of a pathogenic amyloid precursor protein (APP) mutation, located within the Abeta sequence at codon 693 (E693G), that causes AD in a Swedish family. Carriers of this 'Arctic' mutation showed(More)
Central dopamine systems appear to play an important role in sensory information processing. In particular, the filtering (or gating) of repetitive auditory stimuli is modulated by pharmacological manipulations that affect dopaminergic neurotransmission. The present study further addressed the role of dopamine in auditory gating. Three-day-old male(More)
The effects of neonatal intracisternal 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA; 50 micrograms) treatment on striatal serotonin (5-HT) nerve terminals in rat have been characterized using histo- and neurochemical methods. The 6-OHDA lesion caused a 60% reduction of striatal dopamine (DA) concentration when analyzed in the adult stage, while 5-HT levels were increased by(More)
Effects on monoaminergic and cholinergic transmitter systems as well as neurotrophins were characterized in developing Sprague-Dawley rats directly exposed to 5 ppm cadmium in the drinking water or indirectly via exposed dams. Cadmium was given to dams during the lactation period, from parturition to postnatal day 17, and/or to the offspring until postnatal(More)
Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated neonatally with either of three different doses of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA): 50 micrograms i.c., 75 micrograms i.c., or 2 x 100 micrograms i.c.v., 30 min after a subcutaneous injection of desipramine (DMI, 25 mg/kg), in order to obtain selective lesions of mesencephalic dopamine (DA) neurons to different extents. From(More)
Neurochemical and morphological effects of neonatal anoxia on monoamine systems were studied after 100% N2 exposure for 25 min at 30 h postnatally (postnatal day 2-P2). At 20 min after anoxia, reductions of tissue levels of cerebellar noradrenaline (NA) and striatal dopamine (DA) and metabolites were seen, while 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) was(More)
The effect of exogenous GM1 ganglioside on selective neurotoxin-induced lesions of serotonin (5-HT) and noradrenaline (NA) neurons in both the central and peripheral nervous systems has been investigated in developing and adult rats and mice by employing neuro- and histochemical techniques. 5,7-Dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-HT) was used to lesion 5-HT neurons,(More)
Acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), the two best characterized members of a growing family of heparin-binding growth factors, have been shown to affect both survival of cultured neurons and regeneration of nerve terminals when applied exogenously. The endogenous expression of these growth factors in response to(More)
Neurons in the cerebellar nuclei (CN) receive inhibitory inputs from Purkinje cells in the cerebellar cortex and provide the major output from the cerebellum, but their computational function is not well understood. It has recently been shown that the spike activity of Purkinje cells is more regular than previously assumed and that this regularity can(More)