Johannes Leuchtweis

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OBJECTIVE Brain damage and ischemia often trigger cortical spreading depression (CSD), which aggravates brain damage. The proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is significantly upregulated during brain damage, but it is unknown whether TNF influences spreading depression in cerebral cortex in vivo. This question is important because TNF not(More)
The pain mediator prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) sensitizes nociceptive pathways through EP2 and EP4 receptors, which are coupled to Gs proteins and increase cAMP. However, PGE2 also activates EP3 receptors, and the major signaling pathway of the EP3 receptor splice variants uses inhibition of cAMP synthesis via Gi proteins. This opposite effect raises the(More)
INTRODUCTION Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a key player in systemic arthritis, involved in inflammation and joint destruction. IL-6 signalling has also been revealed in nerve cells. Recently, IL-6 and in particular IL-6 together with its soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) were shown to induce a long-lasting robust sensitization of joint nociceptors for mechanical(More)
INTRODUCTION The translational and predictive value of animal models highly depends on the validity of respective readout parameters. In arthritis research, there has been a shift from sole threshold testing for pain-related behavior, as well as from swelling and histology assessment for inflammation, toward an analysis of joint function as indicated, for(More)
During brain damage and ischemia, the cytokine interleukin-1ß is rapidly upregulated due to activation of inflammasomes. We studied whether interleukin-1ß influences cortical spreading depolarization, and whether lipopolysaccharide, often used for microglial stimulation, influences cortical spreading depolarizations. In anaesthetized rats, cortical(More)
Neurogenesis in the subgranular zone of the mammalian hippocampal dentate gyrus contributes significantly to brain neuroplasticity. There is evidence that inflammation of the central nervous system inhibits neurogenesis but peripheral inflammation such as antigen-induced arthritis may rather enhance neurogenesis. Manifest arthritis is associated with(More)
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