Johannes Koch

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The cobalamin E (cblE) (MTRR, methionine synthase reductase) and cobalamin G (cblG) (MTR, methionine synthase) defects are rare inborn errors of cobalamin metabolism leading to impairment of the remethylation of homocysteine to methionine. Information on clinical and laboratory data at initial full assessment and during the course of the disease, treatment,(More)
Lipoic acid is an essential prosthetic group of four mitochondrial enzymes involved in the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate, α-ketoglutarate, and branched chain amino acids and in the glycine cleavage. Lipoic acid is synthesized stepwise within mitochondria through a process that includes lipoic acid synthetase. We identified the homozygous mutation(More)
We present clinical and laboratory data from 14 cases with an isolated deficiency of the mitochondrial ATP synthase (7-30% of control) caused by nuclear genetic defects. A quantitative decrease of the ATP synthase complex was documented by Blue-Native electrophoresis and Western blotting and was supported by the diminished activity of(More)
Pyruvate oxidation defects (PODs) are among the most frequent causes of deficiencies in the mitochondrial energy metabolism and represent a substantial subset of classical mitochondrial diseases. PODs are not only caused by deficiency of subunits of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) but also by various disorders recently described in the whole(More)
F1Fo-ATP synthase is a key enzyme of mitochondrial energy provision producing most of cellular ATP. So far, mitochondrial diseases caused by isolated disorders of the ATP synthase have been shown to result from mutations in mtDNA genes for the subunits ATP6 and ATP8 or in nuclear genes encoding the biogenesis factors TMEM70 and ATPAF2. Here, we describe a(More)
OBJECTIVE Mitochondrial disturbances of energygenerating systems in childhood are a heterogeneous group of disorders. The aim of this multi-site survey was to characterise the natural course of a novel mitochondrial disease with ATP synthase deficiency and mutation in the TMEM70 gene. METHODS Retrospective clinical data and metabolic profiles were(More)
Pontine tegmental cap dysplasia (PTCD) is a newly described hindbrain malformation with distinct neuroradiological findings. Only 12 cases of PTCD have been described so far, all sporadic. We report 2 further patients. Both children presented after birth with significant feeding problems due to impaired mouth opening (previously not reported) and sucking(More)
Thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) is an essential cofactor of the cytosolic transketolase and of three mitochondrial enzymes involved in the oxidative decarboxylation of either pyruvate, α-ketoglutarate or branched chain amino acids. Thiamine is taken up by specific transporters into the cell and converted to the active TPP by thiamine pyrophosphokinase (TPK) in(More)
TMEM70 deficiency is the most common nuclear-encoded defect affecting the ATP synthase. In this multicentre retrospective study we characterise the natural history of the disease, treatment and outcome in 48 patients with mutations in TMEM70. Eleven centers from eight European countries, Turkey and Israel participated. All 27 Roma and eight non-Roma(More)
We report on 4 boys from 3 families presenting initially in infancy with an acute onset of flaccid tetraparesis and areflexia, resembling Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). However, the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein was normal, while serum and CSF lactate were elevated. All patients had recurrent similar episodes, usually associated with infections. Brain(More)