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Pro- and mature BDNF activate very different receptors and intracellular pathways, potentially leading to either neuronal death or survival. Here we examined the biochemistry of endogenous BDNF in mouse neurons using sensitive reagents and found that pro-BDNF is rapidly converted intracellularly to mature BDNF, the latter being stored and released by(More)
BACKGROUND The major immunological hurdle to successful porcine-to-human xenotransplantation is the acute vascular rejection (AVR), characterized by endothelial cell (EC) activation and perturbation of coagulation. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and its derivatives have anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory effects and protect against reactive oxygen species,(More)
Cholangiocarcinoma (CC) is a primary liver cancer with increasing incidence worldwide. Despite all efforts made in past years, prognosis remains to be poor. At least in part, this might be explained by a pronounced resistance of CC cells to undergo apoptosis. Thus, new therapeutic strategies are imperatively required. In this study we investigated the(More)
Salinomycin raised hope to be effective in anti-cancer therapies due to its capability to overcome apoptosis-resistance in several types of cancer cells. Recently, its effectiveness against human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells both in vitro and in vivo was demonstrated. However, the mechanism of action remained unclear. Latest studies implicated(More)
PURPOSE Survival after liver transplantation (LTX) has decreased in Germany since the implementation of Model for end-stage liver disease (MELD)-based liver allocation. Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is known for its otherwise excellent outcome after LTX. The influence of MELD-based liver allocation and subsequent allocation policy alterations on the(More)
BACKGROUND Following pig-to-primate kidney transplantation, endothelial cell activation and xenogenic activation of the recipient's coagulation eventually leading to organ dysfunction and microthrombosis can be observed. In this study, we examined the effect of a TNF-receptor fusion protein (TNF-RFP) on endothelial cell activation and coagulopathy utilizing(More)
BACKGROUND Xenogenic activation of hemostasis (XAH) represents a major hurdle for the transplantation of discordant animal organs into humans as it results in thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). We have previously shown that recombinant human-activated protein C (rhAPC) mitigates XAH and TMA in an ex vivo model of pig-to-human kidney transplantation. However,(More)
Cephamandol 6.0 g, cephazolin 6.0 g or cephacetrile or cephalothin 8.0 g were administered as short-term infusions on 3 consecutive days to informed volunteers, who had no history or evidence of impairment of renal function. There were 15 subjects in the cephamandol, cephacetrile and cephalothin groups and 14 subjects in the cephazolin group.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES There is ongoing debate about whether patients planned for liver resection of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) benefit from neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NC). Therefore, we performed a retrospective survival analysis of patients with and without NC prior to surgery. METHODS Data prospectively collected from 468 consecutive patients(More)