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The transcriptional co-activator PGC-1alpha regulates functional plasticity in adipose tissue by linking sympathetic input to the transcriptional program of adaptive thermogenesis. We report here a novel truncated form of PGC-1alpha (NT-PGC-1alpha) produced by alternative 3' splicing that introduces an in-frame stop codon into PGC-1alpha mRNA. The expressed(More)
Recently, it has been demonstrated that the fat-derived protein adiponectin is an important insulin-sensitizing adipocytokine which is downregulated in insulin resistance and obesity and replenishment of which in adiponectin-deficient states improves insulin sensitivity. To clarify the regulation of adiponectin gene expression, 3T3-L1 adipocytes were(More)
Recently, it has been shown that adiponectin is an important insulin-sensitizing fat-derived protein which is downregulated in insulin resistance and obesity, and replenishment of which improves insulin sensitivity. In contrast, interleukin (IL)-6 appears as an adipocytokine serum concentrations of which are elevated in these states. However, it has not(More)
Aims/hypothesis. Patients treated with human immunodeficiency virus-1 protease inhibitors often develop impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes, most likely due to an induction of insulin resistance. We therefore investigated whether the protease inhibitor indinavir alters insulin signalling. Methods. We incubated HepG2 cells for 48 h without or with(More)
Interleukin (IL)-6 has recently been shown to be an adipocyte-expressed cytokine. Its serum concentrations are elevated in insulin resistance and obesity. For further evaluation of IL-6 gene expression regulation, fully differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes were treated with various hormones known to induce insulin resistance. IL-6 mRNA content was measured by(More)
Activity of the sympathetic nervous system is an important factor involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and associated metabolic and vascular abnormalities. In this study, we investigate the molecular basis of cross-talk between beta(3)-adrenergic and insulin signaling systems in mouse brown adipocytes immortalized by SV40 T infection.(More)
The endocannabinoid system has recently emerged as a critical component in the control of energy homeostasis. It is considered to be a general stress-recovery system and stimulates food intake [1]. Cannabinoid type 1 (Cb1) receptor-deficient mice are leaner than their wild-type littermates [2]. Furthermore, these animals are protected against diet-induced(More)
Recently, adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL, also called desnutrin and calcium-independent phospholipase A2 [iPLA(2)] zeta) was isolated as a novel adipose-expressed triglyceride lipase which is downregulated in obesity and may contribute to obesity-associated metabolic disorders such as hyperlipidemia and insulin resistance. To clarify expression and(More)
Insulin and insulin-like growth factor I signals are mediated via phosphorylation of a family of insulin receptor substrate (IRS) proteins, which may serve both complementary and overlapping functions in the cell. To study the metabolic effects of these proteins in more detail, we established brown adipocyte cell lines from wild type and various IRS(More)
The most widely distributed members of the family of insulin receptor substrate (IRS) proteins are IRS-1 and IRS-2. These proteins participate in insulin and insulin-like growth factor 1 signaling, as well as the actions of some cytokines, growth hormone, and prolactin. To more precisely define the specific role of IRS-1 in adipocyte biology, we established(More)