Johannes K-M Knobloch

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Nosocomial staphylococcal foreign-body infections related to biofilm formation are a serious threat, demanding new therapeutic and preventive strategies. As the use of biofilm-associated factors as vaccines is critically restricted by their prevalence in natural staphylococcal populations we studied the distribution of genes involved in biofilm formation,(More)
Biofilms are composed of bacterial cells embedded in an extracellular polysaccharide matrix. A major component of the Escherichia coli biofilm matrix is PGA, a linear polymer of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in beta(1,6) linkage. PGA mediates intercellular adhesion and attachment of cells to abiotic surfaces. In this report, we present genetic and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of different treatment strategies on enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O104:H4 induced haemolytic uraemic syndrome. DESIGN Multicentre retrospective case-control study. SETTING 23 hospitals in northern Germany. PARTICIPANTS 298 adults with enterohaemorrhagic E coli induced haemolytic uraemic syndrome. MAIN OUTCOME(More)
Because of its biofilm forming potential Staphylococcus epidermidis has evolved as a leading cause of device-related infections. The polysaccharide intercellular adhesin (PIA) is significantly involved in biofilm accumulation. However, infections because of PIA-negative strains are not uncommon, suggesting the existence of PIA-independent biofilm(More)
Staphylococcus epidermidis is a common pathogen in medical device-associated infections. Its major pathogenetic factor is the ability to form adherent biofilms. The polysaccharide intercellular adhesin (PIA), which is synthesized by the products of the icaADBC gene cluster, is essential for biofilm accumulation. In the present study, we characterized the(More)
CONTEXT An outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (STEC O104:H4) infection with a high incidence of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) occurred in Germany in May 2011. Antibiotic treatment of STEC infection is discouraged because it might increase the risk of HUS development. However, antibiotic therapy is widely used to treat(More)
Because of their biofilm-forming capacity, invasive Staphylococcus epidermidis isolates, which cause the majority of nosocomial catheter-related bloodstream infections (BSIs), are thought to be selected at the time of catheter insertion from a population of less virulent commensal strains. This fact allows the prediction that invasive and contaminating(More)
To evaluate the role of the polysaccharide intercellular adhesin as an energy-storage molecule, we investigated the effect of nutrient limitation on S. epidermidis biofilms. The stability of established biofilms depends on sigma(B) activity; however, the slow decay of biofilms under conditions of nutrient limitation reveal its use as an energy-storage(More)
Transposon mutagenesis of rsbU leads to a biofilm-negative phenotype in Staphylococcus epidermidis. However, the pathway of this regulatory mechanism was unknown. To investigate the role of RsbU in the regulation of the alternative sigma factor sigma(B) and biofilm formation, we generated different mutants of the sigma(B) operon in S. epidermidis strains(More)