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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE For treatment of multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN), we hypothesized that (i) infusion of equivalent dosages of subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG) is as effective as intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and that (ii) subcutaneous infusion at home is associated with a better quality of life. METHODS In a randomized single-blinded(More)
The isokinetic muscle strength in 56 IDDM patients with > 20 years of diabetes duration and in their individually sex-, age-, weight-, and height-matched control subjects was assessed. Peak torque of foot dorsal and plantar flexion and knee and wrist extension and flexion was measured. The neuropathic condition was assessed by a neurological disability(More)
Motor function in type 2 diabetes is largely unknown. In 36 type 2 diabetic patients and in 36 control subjects matched for sex, age, weight, height, and physical activity, strength of flexors and extensors at elbow, wrist, knee, and ankle was assessed at isokinetic dynamometry. The degree of neuropathy was determined by clinical scores, nerve conduction(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The aim of the study was to determine the loss of muscle volume in the lower leg and foot in long-term diabetic patients in relation to the presence of neuropathy. METHODS We re-examined 26 type 1 diabetic patients who had participated in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies on muscle volume in the lower leg and foot 9 to 12 years(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetic neuropathy is a length-dependent process that leads to reduced muscle strength and atrophy of leg muscles in some patients. We hypothesized that intrinsic foot muscles are atrophied in diabetic neuropathy and that the degree of atrophy is a measure of motor dysfunction closely related to the neuropathic process. RESEARCH DESIGN AND(More)
Muscle strength in neuropathic patients is usually evaluated clinically using manual muscle testing (MMT). Detection and grading of mild symmetrical muscle weakness using MMT is difficult partly because the examiner must take into consideration the normal variation in strength in relation to age, weight, height, and gender. In the present study assessment(More)
Fatigue occurs in the majority of multiple sclerosis patients and therapeutic possibilities are few. Fatigue, mood and quality of life were studied in patients with multiple sclerosis following progressive resistance training leading to improvement of muscular strength and functional capacity. Fatigue (Fatigue Severity Scale, FSS), mood (Major Depression(More)
The effects of axotomy on the size and number of rat dorsal root ganglion cells was studied using stereological methods. Twenty adult Wistar rats were axotomized by transection of the right fifth lumbar spinal nerve approximately 7 mm distal to the fifth lumbar dorsal root ganglion (DRG-L5). The corresponding ganglia from the nonaxotomized side served as(More)
The validity of the methods used for determination of muscle mass has not been evaluated previously. We determined muscle mass by estimating muscle volume with assumption-free stereological techniques applied to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 18 healthy untrained subjects (6 women, 12 men) aged 41 yr (29-64 yr; median, range). Muscle mass was also(More)
BACKGROUND A possible role for GABA in regulating cortical plasticity after stroke has been proposed. OBJECTIVE To investigate changes in intracortical inhibitory and facilitatory circuits in the affected hemisphere more than 6 months after stroke, as well as modulation of excitability by a single training session. METHODS A total of 22 patients >6(More)