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A model is presented for the calculation of single myelinated fiber action potentials in an unbounded homogeneous medium and in nerve cuff electrodes. The model consists of a fiber model, used to calculate the action currents at the nodes of Ranvier, and a cylindrically symmetrical volume conductor model in which the fiber's nodes are represented as point(More)
A nerve stimulation model has been developed, incorporating realistic cross-sectional nerve geometries and conductivities. The potential field in the volume conductor was calculated numerically using the variational method. Nerve fiber excitation was described by the model of McNeal. Cross-sectional geometries of small monofascicular rat common peroneal(More)
The different applications of natural sensors for feedback in rehabilitation systems using functional electrical stimulation (FES) require specialised and optimised designs of nerve cuff electrodes for .recording of the sensory information. This paper describes a simple artificial nerve fiber for evaluation of nerve cuff electrode designs, cuff recording(More)
New designs of cuff electrodes for the recording of signals from peripheral nerves are typically tested in acute animal experiments before long-term evaluation takes place. A reproducible, cost-effective and fast method is presented for evaluating cuff electrodes with respect to signal amplitude, noise rejection, and, in some cases, selectivity, as an(More)
An electrical network model of myelinated dorsal column nerve fibers is presented. The effect of electrical stimulation was investigated using both a homogeneous volume conductor and a more realistic model of the spinal cord. An important feature of dorsal column nerve fibers is the presence of myelinated collaterals perpendicular to the rostro-caudal(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate theoretically the conditions for the activation of the detrusor muscle without activation of the urethral sphincter and afferent fibers, when stimulating the related sacral roots. Therefore, the sensitivity of excitation and blocking thresholds of nerve fibers within a sacral root to geometric and electrical(More)
The recruitment characteristics of fascicle-selective nerve stimulation by a multigroove electrode have been investigated both theoretically and in acute experiments. A three-dimensional (3-D) volume conductor model of fascicles in a multigroove device and a model of myelinated nerve fiber stimulation were used to calculate threshold stimuli of nerve fibers(More)
Digital stethoscopes offer new opportunities for computerized analysis of heart sounds. Segmentation of heart sound recordings into periods related to the first and second heart sound (S1 and S2) is fundamental in the analysis process. However, segmentation of heart sounds recorded with handheld stethoscopes in clinical environments is often complicated by(More)
The long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a genetic disorder, typically characterized by a prolonged QT interval in the ECG due to abnormal cardiac repolarization. LQTS may lead to syncopal episodes and sudden cardiac death. Various parameters based on T-wave morphology, as well as the QT interval itself have been shown to be useful discriminators, but no single ECG(More)
In epidural spinal cord stimulation it is likely that not only dorsal column fibers are activated, but that dorsal root fibers will be involved as well. In this investigation a volume conductor model of the spinal cord was used and dorsal root fibers were modeled by an electrical network including fiber excitation. The effects of varying some geometrical(More)