Johannes Hummel

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The phenomenon "virtual community" reflects the social, political and economic impact of information and communications technology changing the architecture of interaction. We present an approach to describe and manage the social environments of transactions that are provided in virtual communities. In this paper, we explore virtual communities, their novel(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the expected health benefits of colorectal cancer screening programs, participation rates remain low in countries that have implemented such a screening program. The perceived benefits and risks of the colorectal cancer screening technique are likely to influence the decision to attend the screening program. Besides the diagnostic(More)
BACKGROUND Patient involvement is widely acknowledged to be a valuable component in health technology assessment (HTA) and healthcare decision making. However, quantitative approaches to ascertain patients' preferences for treatment endpoints are not yet established. The objective of this study is to introduce the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) as a(More)
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) can lead to pain, impaired spinal function, and socio-psychological problems. Conventional surgical treatment of severe forms of AIS fuses the vertebrae, thereby restricting spinal function and growth of the adolescents. Non-fusion surgical treatment (NFS) is being proposed to prevent these drawbacks. To support the(More)
Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) is increasingly used to support decisions in healthcare involving multiple and conflicting criteria. Although uncertainty is usually carefully addressed in health economic evaluations, whether and how the different sources of uncertainty are dealt with and with what methods in MCDA is less known. The objective of this(More)
This study supported the evaluation by a rehabilitation team of the performance of two treatment options that improve the arm-hand function in subjects with sixth cervical vertebra (C6) level Motor Group 2 tetraplegia. The analytic hierarchy process, a technique for multicriteria decision analysis, was used by a rehabilitation team and potential recipients(More)
Most types of medical technology assessment are performed only after the technology has been developed. Consequently, they have only minor effects on changes in clinical practice. Our study introduces a new method of constructive medical technology assessment that can change the development and diffusion of a medical device to improve its later clinical(More)
This paper contributes to the discussion of the impact of technology on business models for content management. Our example is the music industry. This industry, which now combines the traditional off line industry and the novel services such as MP3.com, Napster.com, and gnutella, is a prominent example of the role of technology plays in creating economic(More)
The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) has been increasingly applied as a technique for multi-criteria decision analysis in healthcare. The AHP can aid decision makers in selecting the most valuable technology for patients, while taking into account multiple, and even conflicting, decision criteria. This tutorial illustrates the procedural steps of the AHP in(More)