Johannes G.M. van Nistelrooy

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This paper describes the characterization of atrC and atrD (ABC transporters C and D), two novel ABC transporter-encoding genes from the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans, and provides evidence for the involvement of atrD in multidrug transport and antibiotic production. BLAST analysis of the deduced amino acid sequences of AtrCp and AtrDp reveals(More)
Two single-copy genes, designated atrA and atrB (ATP-binding cassette transporter A and B), were cloned from the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans and sequenced. Based on the presence of conserved motifs and on hydropathy analysis, the products encoded by atrA and atrB can be regarded as novel members of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily of(More)
The role of multiple ATP-binding cassette (ABC) and major facilitator superfamily (MFS) transporter genes from the plant pathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea in protection against natural fungitoxic compounds was studied by expression analysis and phenotyping of gene-replacement mutants. The expression of 11 ABC (BcatrA–BcatrK) and three MFS genes (Bcmfs1,(More)
TheCYP51 gene encoding eburicol 14α-demethylase (P45014DM) was cloned from a genomic library of the filamentous fungal plant pathogenPenicillium italicum, by heterologous hybridisation with the corresponding gene encoding lanosterol 14α-demethylase from the yeastCandida tropicalis. The nucleotide sequence of a 1739-bp genomic fragment and the corresponding(More)
Accumulation of [14C] fenarimol by mycelium ofPenicillium italicum was studied with isolates having varying levels of laboratory resistance to fenarimol. All resistant isolates tested showed a significantly lower accumulation than the wild-type isolate. Various metabolic inhibitors enhanced accumulation to relatively high levels in both wildtype and(More)
Laboratory isolates ofPenicillium italicum with varying levels of resistance to fenarimol were obtained via mass selection of conidia on fenarimol-amended PDA. All fenarimol-resistant isolates showed cross-resistance to other fungicides which inhibit ergosterol biosynthesis (bitertanol, etaconazole, fenapanil, and imazalil), but not to fenpropimorph. In(More)
Isolates ofPenicillium italicum with differential levels of resistance to imazalil were obtained via step-wise mass selection of conidia of the fenarimol-resistant isolate E300-3 on imazalilamended PDA. Three out of five selection steps were successful. The resistance level to imazalil of isolates acquired after the two last selection steps was on average(More)
Fungicides which inhibit ergosterol biosynthesis have been in use for control of wheat powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis f. sp.tritici) in the Netherlands since 1978. Mildew populations were tested for their variation in sensitivity to triadimefon from 1982 to 1984. In 1982 isolates from the province Limburg, with a triazole spray-regime history, were less(More)
Fenarimol-resistant isolates ofPenicillium italicum with cross-resistance to imidazole and triazole fungicides which inhibit ergosterol biosynthesis were tested for their sensitivity to fenpropimorph. Radial growth tests on PDA showed that the isolates (n=6) lacked cross-resistance to fenpropimorph or displayed enhanced sensitivity to the fungicide(More)
The majority of fenarimol-resistant laboratory isolates ofAspergillus nidulans, Cladosporium cucumerinum, Penicillium expansum, P. italicum, andUstilago maydis testedin vitro, displayed a moderate degree of negatively correlated cross-resistance to dodine. A limited number of isolates also possessed an increased sensitivity to guazatine. Colonies of(More)