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Procedures that may be used to evaluate the operational performance of a wide spectrum of geophysi-cal models are introduced. Primarily using a complementary set of difference measures, both model accuracy and precision can be meaningfully estimated, regardless of whether the model predictions are manifested as scalars, directions, or vectors. It is(More)
Adding the effects of changes in land cover to the A2 and B1 transient climate simulations described in the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change leads to significantly different regional climates in 2100 as compared with climates resulting from atmospheric SRES forcings alone. Agricultural expansion(More)
Files: Document: tjackson_text.docx (includes coversheet, text, captions, references) Captions: tjackson_captions.docx (as requested by graphics guidelines) Table: tjackson_table.xls (very large and complex so not printed) Figures: Abstract To help understand potential effects of urbanization on climates of varying scales and effects of climate change on(More)
The Technical Notes series provides an outlet for a variety of NCAR Manuscripts that contribute in specialized ways to the body of scientific knowledge but that are not suitable for journal, monograph, or book publication. Reports in this series are issued by the NCAR scientific divisions. Designation symbols for the series include: recommendations(More)
Progress in urban climate science is severely restricted by the lack of useful information that describes aspects of the form and function of cities at a detailed spatial resolution. To overcome this shortcoming we are initiating an international effort to develop the World Urban Database and Access Portal Tools (WUDAPT) to gather and disseminate this(More)
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