Johannes F. Coy

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A systematic search for expressed sequences in the human Xq28 region resulted in the isolation of 8.5 kb large contigs of human and murine cDNAs with no apparent conserved open reading frames. These cDNAs were found to be derived from the 3"-untranslated region (3"-UTR) of the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene ( MeCP2 ). This long 3"-UTR is part of an(More)
Transketolase proteins or transketolase enzyme activities have been related to neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes, and cancer. Transketolase enzyme variants and reduced transketolase enzyme activities are present in patients with the neurodegenerative disease Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. In Alzheimer's disease patients transketolase protein variants with(More)
X-linked recessive myotubular myopathy (MTM1) is characterized by severe hypotonia and generalized muscle weakness, with impaired maturation of muscle fibres. We have restricted the candidate region to 280 kb and characterized two candidate genes using positional cloning strategies. The presence of frameshift or missense mutations (of which two are new(More)
Tumours ferment glucose to lactate even in the presence of oxygen (aerobic glycolysis; Warburg effect). The pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) allows glucose conversion to ribose for nucleic acid synthesis and glucose degradation to lactate. The nonoxidative part of the PPP is controlled by transketolase enzyme reactions. We have detected upregulation of a(More)
Neutral lipid is stored in spherical organelles called lipid droplets that are bounded by a coat of proteins. The protein that is most frequently found at the surface of lipid droplets is adipocyte differentiation-related protein (ADRP). In this study, we demonstrate that fusion of either the human or mouse ADRP coding sequences to green fluorescent protein(More)
As part of a systematic search for differentially expressed genes, we have isolated a novel transketolase-related gene (TKR) (HGMW-approved symbol TKT), located between the green color vision pigment gene (GCP) and the ABP-280 filamin gene (FLN1) in Xq28. Transcripts encoding tissue-specific protein isoforms could be isolated. Comparison with known(More)
Limiting dietary carbohydrates inhibits glioma growth in preclinical models. Therefore, the ERGO trial (NCT00575146) examined feasibility of a ketogenic diet in 20 patients with recurrent glioblastoma. Patients were put on a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet containing plant oils. Feasibility was the primary endpoint, secondary endpoints included the(More)
Inactivation of the tumour suppressor gene lethal(2) giant larvae (D-lgl) of Drosophila leads to malignant transformation of the presumptive adult optic centers in the larval brain and tumours of the imaginal discs. These malignancies result from the disorganization of a cytoskeletal network in which the D-LGL protein participates. Here we describe the(More)
Among the most prominent metabolic alterations in cancer cells are the increase in glucose consumption and the conversion of glucose to lactic acid via the reduction of pyruvate even in the presence of oxygen. This phenomenon, known as aerobic glycolysis or the Warburg effect, may provide a rationale for therapeutic strategies that inhibit tumour growth by(More)
A search for genes with sequence homologies to the FMR1 gene resulted in the isolation of mouse and human homologues of the recently described FXR1 gene. The mouse FXR1 gene shares amino acid identity and similarity of 99.1% and 99.6%, respectively, with the human FXR1 gene and amino acid identify and similarity of 67.3% and 79.5% respectively, with the(More)