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Much has been learned regarding the biology and clinical implications of genetic abnormalities in multiple myeloma. Because of recent advances in the field, an International Workshop was held in Paris in february of 2003. This summary describes the consensus recommendations arising from that meeting with special emphasis on novel genetic observations. For(More)
To identify epigenetically silenced cancer-related genes and to determine molecular effects of 5-aza-2 ¶-deoxycytidine (Aza-dC) and/or trichostatin A (TSA) in multiple myeloma (MM), we analyzed global changes in gene expression profiles of three MM cell lines by microarray analysis. We identified up-regulation of several genes whose epigenetic silencing in(More)
Polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMNs) are thought to fulfill their role in host defense primarily via phagocytosis and release of cytotoxic compounds and to be inefficient in antigen presentation and stimulation of specific T cells. Dendritic cells (DCs), in contrast, are potent antigen-presenting cells with the unique capacity to initiate primary immune(More)
The treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) has undergone significant developments in recent years. The availability of the novel agents thalidomide, bortezomib, and lenalidomide has expanded treatment options and has improved the outcome of patients with MM. Following the introduction of these agents in the relapsed/refractory setting, they are also undergoing(More)
To date, cytogenetic studies on pancreatic carcinoma are rare, and little is known about the frequency of cytogenetic aberrations in primary carcinomas compared with metastatic tumour cells. We therefore evaluated the frequency of chromosomal aberrations in 12 primary pancreatic carcinomas and in effusion specimens from 25 patients with pancreatic cancer by(More)
In diagnostic evaluation of effusions, difficulties are encountered when atypical reactive mesothelial cells have to be differentiated from malignant cells. We tested the impact of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to identify metastatic cells in breast cancer effusions by detection of numerical chromosomal changes. Pleural and ascitic fluid samples(More)
Patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) generally respond to first-line immunochemotherapy, but often show chemoresistance upon subsequent relapses, with poor outcome. Several studies of the immunomodulator, lenalidomide, have demonstrated its activity in MCL including the MCL-001 study in relapsed/refractory patients who had failed defined prior therapies(More)
The significance of the p53 tumour-suppressor gene in the oncogenesis of a variety of malignant tumours has been demonstrated over recent years. However, the role of p53 in human malignant melanoma is still unclear. Therefore, we investigated melanoma metastases from 11 patients cytogenetically and with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) after(More)
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