Johannes Dichgans

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Optokinetic stimuli allow for two perceptual interpretations. The observer may perceive himself as being stationary in a moving surround (egocentric motion perception) or he may experience an illusion of self-motion, so that the actually moving surroundings appear to be stable (exocentric motion perception). 1. Circular motion of the entire surroundings(More)
The course of a patient suffering from superficial siderosis of the central nervous system for 37 years is presented and diagnostic and therapeutic approaches are evaluated. The syndrome is clinically defined by slowly progressing deafness, cerebellar ataxia, myelopathy and neuropsychological deficits in combination with recurrent xanthochromia of the(More)
Inflammation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). In the chronic 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) model of PD, inducible NO synthase (iNOS) derived nitric oxide (NO) is an important mediator of dopaminergic cell death. Ligands of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) exert anti-inflammatory(More)
Bimanual co-ordination of skilled finger movements is a high-level capability of the human motor system and virtually always requires training. Little is known about the physiological processes underlying successful bimanual performance and skill acquisition. In the present study, we used task-related coherence (TRCoh) and task-related power (TRPow)(More)
We recorded reaching movements from nine infants longitudinally from the onset of reaching (5th postnatal month) up to the age of 3 years. Here we analyze hand and proximal joint trajectories and examine the emerging temporal coordination between arm segments. The present investigation seeks (a) to determine when infants acquire consistent, adult-like(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke patients may exhibit the peculiar behavior of actively pushing away from the nonhemiparetic side, leading to lateral postural imbalance and a tendency to fall toward the paralyzed side. This phenomenon has been called the "pusher syndrome." OBJECTIVE The current study analyzes the mechanism leading to contraversive pushing. METHODS The(More)
Twenty-six patients suffering from autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type I were subjected to a genotype-phenotype correlation analysis using molecular genetic assignment to the genetic loci for spinocerebellar ataxia type 1, 2 or 3 (SCA1, SCA2, SCA3) and MRI-based volumetry of posterior fossa structures and basal ganglia nuclei. There was significant(More)
The functional role of short-, medium- and long-latency responses for the maintenance of upright posture was investigated in twenty healthy subjects standing on a platform which could be rotated in pitch around the subject's ankle joints. Tilting the platform toe-up evokes a stretch reflex in the triceps surae muscle (TS, latency 55–65 ms) and at higher(More)