Johannes Blum

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Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus with homology to Dengue virus (DENV), has become a public health emergency. By characterizing memory lymphocytes from ZIKV-infected patients, we dissected ZIKV-specific and DENV-cross-reactive immune responses. Antibodies to nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) were largely ZIKV-specific and were used to develop a(More)
The clinical symptoms and signs of patients with second stage HAT are described for a large cohort of patients treated in a prospective multicentre, multinational study. Special emphasis is given to the influence of disease stage (duration, number of WBC in CSF) and patient age to the clinical picture. Even though the frequencies of symptoms and signs are(More)
BACKGROUND A wide spectrum of disease severity has been described for Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) due to Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (T.b. rhodesiense), ranging from chronic disease patterns in southern countries of East Africa to an increase in virulence towards the north. However, only limited data on the clinical presentation of T.b.(More)
Leishmaniasis is endemic in 88 countries on five continents. There are 1-1.5 million cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis reported yearly worldwide. There has been a sharp increase in recorded cases over the last 10 years. Based on geographical distribution, cutaneous leishmaniasis is divided into Old World and New World leishmaniasis. In the past, species(More)
BACKGROUND African trypanosomiasis is a fatal disease caused by protozoan parasites of the species Trypanosoma brucei. The disease has reached epidemic dimensions in various countries of central Africa. Treatment of the second stage is long and complicated, and is hampered by severe adverse reactions to the first-line drug, melarsoprol. Despite these(More)
American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease) and human African trypanosomiasis (HAT; sleeping sickness) are both caused by single-celled flagellates that are transmitted by arthropods. Cardiac problems are the main cause of morbidity in chronic Chagas disease, but neurological problems dominate in HAT. Physicians need to be aware of Chagas disease and HAT in(More)
Because of the worldwide popularization of Japanese cuisine, the traditional Japanese fish dishes sushi and sashimi that are served in Japanese restaurants and sushi bars have been suspected of causing fishborne parasitic zoonoses, especially anisakiasis. In addition, an array of freshwater and brackish-water fish and wild animal meats, which are important(More)
Melarsoprol is the standard treatment of late stage trypanosomiasis. The development of treatment schedules was previously purely empirical. Generally melarsoprol is given in 3 series of three to four consecutive injections, given every 24 hours, with an interval of about one week between the series. Based on pharmacokinetic analysis, computer simulations(More)
As travel to Latin America has become increasingly common, cutaneous leishmaniasis is increasingly seen among returning travellers--eg, the number of observed cases has doubled in the Netherlands and tripled in the UK in the past decade. A surprisingly high proportion of cases were acquired in rural or jungle areas of the Amazon basin in Bolivia. The(More)