Johannes Bjørnstad

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During progression to heart failure (HF), myocardial extracellular matrix (ECM) alterations and tissue inflammation are central. Lumican is an ECM-localized proteoglycan associated with inflammatory conditions and known to bind collagens. We hypothesized that lumican plays a role in the dynamic alterations in cardiac ECM during development of HF. Thus, we(More)
On the basis of the role of small, leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs) in fibrogenesis and inflammation, we hypothesized that they could be involved in cardiac remodeling and reverse remodeling as occurs during aortic stenosis and after aortic valve replacement. Thus, in a well-characterized aortic banding-debanding mouse model, we examined the SLRPs decorin(More)
Blunt chest trauma might lead to cardiac injury ranging from simple arrhythmias to lethal conditions such as cardiac rupture. We experienced a case of initially overlooked traumatic coronary artery dissection which resulted in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). A high degree of suspicion is needed to diagnose this condition. Based on our case, we will give(More)
Pressure overload-induced TGF-β signaling activates cardiac fibroblasts (CFB) and leads to increased extracellular matrix (ECM) protein synthesis including fibrosis. Excessive ECM accumulation may in turn affect cardiac function contributing to development of heart failure. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of SM16, an orally active small(More)
AIMS Left ventricular (LV) pressure overload leads to myocardial remodelling and reduced cardiac function. Both cardioprotective and deleterious effects have been attributed to SMAD2/3 (SMAD, small mothers against decapentaplegic) signalling, but the role of these important molecules in pressure overload remains unclear. The aim of this study was to examine(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with aortic stenosis (AS) develop left ventricular remodelling with cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and increased fibrosis. Following aortic valve replacement (AVR) reverse remodelling usually takes place. AIMS To examine circulating levels of members of the transforming growth factor (TGF) beta superfamily and matrix metalloproteinases(More)
AIMS Aortic stenosis induces pressure overload and myocardial remodelling with concentric hypertrophy and alterations in extracellular matrix (ECM). Aortic valve replacement leads to reverse remodelling, a process of which knowledge is scarce. The aims of the present study were to examine alterations in myocardial gene expression and subsequently identify(More)
Patients with aortic stenosis develop various degrees of myocardial hypertrophy and heart failure (HF) despite comparable transvalvular gradients. An important element in the transition from compensated hypertrophy to HF is dilatation of the left ventricle (LV). The molecular pathology associated with LV dilatation and development of HF is not known. Thus,(More)
AIM Myocardial remodelling during pressure overload might contribute to development of heart failure. Reverse remodelling normally occurs following aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis; however, the details and regulatory mechanisms of reverse remodelling remain unknown. Thus, an experimental model of reverse remodelling would allow for studies of(More)
OBJECTIVES Due to the pathological effects of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on cardiomyocytes and the extracellular matrix, ET-1 levels may impact on the prognosis of aortic stenosis (AS) patients operated with aortic valve replacement (AVR). We examined ET-1 levels in AS patients throughout the whole AVR process, thus exposing potential therapeutic windows of(More)