Johannes Baltasar Hessler

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OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric quality of the 6-Item Cognitive Impairment Test (6CIT) as a bedside screening for the detection of dementia in general hospital patients. METHOD Participants (N = 1,440) were inpatients aged ≥65 of 33 randomly selected general hospitals in Southern Germany. The 6CIT was conducted at(More)
AIMS Little is known about how behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) manifest in the general hospital. The aim was to examine the frequency of BPSD in general hospitals and their associations with nursing staff distress and complications in care. METHODS Cross-sectional representative study with 1469 patients aged ≥65, including 270(More)
OBJECTIVES A phase of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) precedes most forms of neurodegenerative dementia. Many definitions of MCI recommend the use of test norms to diagnose cognitive impairment. It is, however, unclear whether the use of norms actually improves the detection of individuals at risk of dementia. Therefore, the effects of age- and(More)
OBJECTIVES To map the suitability of the Six Item Cognitive Impairment Test's (6CIT) as a screening instrument for dementia in primary care and to assess its feasibility, reliability, and validity in a real-world setting. METHOD The present study was part of a population-based prospective trial aimed at reducing the incidence of stroke and dementia. The(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the association between smoking in the older population and the risk of inpatient delirium, which is common and has adverse consequences. METHOD Participants (N=3754) were insurants aged ≥55years of the largest German statutory health insurance company, who enrolled in a 6-year prospective population-based study. Baseline(More)
BACKGROUND Improving cardiovascular health possibly decreases the risk of dementia. Primary care practices offer a suitable setting for monitoring and controlling cardiovascular risk factors in the older population. The purpose of the study is to examine the association of a cardiovascular health metric including six behaviors and blood parameters with the(More)
The construction of the German Auditory Wordlist Learning Test (AWLT) for the assessment of verbal memory in late-life cognitive decline was guided by psycholinguistic evidence, which indicates that a word's linguistic characteristics influence its probability of being learned and recalled. The AWLT includes four trials of learning, short and long delayed(More)
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