Johannes A Mayr

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Exome sequencing of an individual with congenital cataracts, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, skeletal myopathy, and lactic acidosis, all typical symptoms of Sengers syndrome, discovered two nonsense mutations in the gene encoding mitochondrial acylglycerol kinase (AGK). Mutation screening of AGK in further individuals with congenital cataracts and(More)
Mutations in the gene coding for the catalytic subunit of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase gamma (POLG1) have recently been described in patients with diverse clinical presentations, revealing a complex relationship between genotype and phenotype in patients and their families. POLG1 was sequenced in patients from different European diagnostic and(More)
To elucidate the relationship between tumor genesis and the mitochondrial energy metabolism in renal neoplasms, we studied three individual enzyme activities of the oxidative phosphorylation, two components of the Krebs cycle and the mitochondrial DNA content of renal carcinomas including 29 conventional, five papillary, two unclassified carcinomas with(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neuromuscular disorder in childhood leading to a dramatic loss of muscle strength. Functional investigations with high-resolution polarography and enzyme measurements of the respiratory chain revealed lowered activities in muscle tissue of SMA patients. To gain a better understanding of this low energy supply we analyzed(More)
There is strong and consistent evidence that oxidative stress is crucially involved in the development of atherosclerotic vascular disease. Overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in mitochondria is an unifying mechanism that underlies micro- and macrovascular atherosclerotic disease. Given the central role of mitochondria in energy and ROS(More)
We carried out whole-genome homozygosity mapping, gene expression analysis and DNA sequencing in individuals with isolated mitochondrial ATP synthase deficiency and identified disease-causing mutations in TMEM70. Complementation of the cell lines of these individuals with wild-type TMEM70 restored biogenesis and metabolic function of the enzyme complex. Our(More)
Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome (BVVLS [MIM 211530]) is a rare neurological disorder characterized by infancy onset sensorineural deafness and ponto-bulbar palsy. Mutations in SLC52A3 (formerly C20orf54), coding for riboflavin transporter 2 (hRFT2), have been identified as the molecular genetic correlate in several individuals with BVVLS. Exome sequencing(More)
BACKGROUND The pivotal role of mitochondria in energy production and free radical generation suggests that the mitochondrial genome could have an important influence on the expression of multifactorial age related diseases. Substitution of T to C at nucleotide position 16189 in the hypervariable D-loop of the control region (CR) of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)(More)
Rita Horvath, Gavin Hudson, Gianfrancesco Ferrari, Nancy Fütterer, Sofia Ahola, Eleonora Lamantea, Holger Prokisch, Hanns Lochmüller, Robert McFarland, V. Ramesh, Thomas Klopstock, Peter Freisinger, Fabrizio Salvi, Johannes A. Mayr, Rene Santer, Marketa Tesarova, Jiri Zeman, Bjarne Udd, Robert W. Taylor, Douglass Turnbull, Michael Hanna, Doreen Fialho, Anu(More)
Lipoic acid is an essential prosthetic group of four mitochondrial enzymes involved in the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate, α-ketoglutarate, and branched chain amino acids and in the glycine cleavage. Lipoic acid is synthesized stepwise within mitochondria through a process that includes lipoic acid synthetase. We identified the homozygous mutation(More)