Johannes A. Koeppen

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Parkinson's disease (PD) is a heterogeneous disorder that leads to variable expression of several different motor symptoms. While changes in firing rate, pattern, and oscillation of basal ganglia neurons have been observed in PD patients and experimental animals, there is limited evidence linking them to specific motor symptoms. Here we examined this(More)
The origin of asymmetric clinical manifestation of symptoms in patients suffering from cervical dystonia (CD) is hitherto poorly understood. Dysregulated neuronal activity in the basal ganglia has been suggested to have a role in the pathophysiology of CD. Here, we re-assessed the question to what extent relative changes occur in the direct vs. indirect(More)
Blister-like internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms are known for their fragile and thin-walled morphology associated with a high risk of intraprocedural rupture. Neurosurgical and endovascular options are illustrated on three exemplary cases reviewing the diagnostic and therapeutic implications of these special aneurysms. A 49-year-old woman was admitted(More)
Gliomas are heterogeneous in their cellular composition, affecting therapeutic efforts such as surgical removal, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy. 106 gliomas were taken into culture in our laboratory and 12 cell lines could be established there from. Experiments were carried out in as many early cultures as possible and with the constant(More)
Awake surgery is regarded mandatory for optimal electrode implantation into the subthalamic nucleus (STN) for deep brain stimulation (DBS) in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, this is questionable since general anaesthesia (GA) does not preclude intraoperative microrecordings and clinical evaluation of, for example, current spread to the corticospinal(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The extent to which deep brain stimulation (DBS) can improve quality of life may be perceived as a permanent trade-off between neurological improvements and complications of therapy, comorbidities, and disease progression. PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively investigated 123 consecutive and non-preselected patients.(More)
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is known to be associated with long-term cognitive deficits. Neurosurgical manipulation on the brain itself has been reported to have influence on neuropsychological sequelae. The following is a comparative study on perimesencephalic and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage patients as well as elective aneurysm patients that was(More)
Outgrowth of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) from the human primary brain tumor glioblastoma multiforme was achieved by OKT3 initiation (10 ng/ml), followed by sustained expansion by interleukin-2 (IL-2; 200 U/ml). Tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) initiation by this process was performed in parallel with the standard “IL-2-only” method. Of ten(More)
The goal of the study was to compare the tolerability and the effects of conventional subthalamic nucleus (STN) and combined subthalamic nucleus and substantia nigra (STN+SNr) high-frequency stimulation in regard to neuropsychiatric symptoms in Parkinson's disease patients. In this single center, randomized, double-blind, cross-over clinical trial, twelve(More)