Johanne Sundby

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In order to understand the problems of undesired infertility in the Gambia, where the desire for children and fertility is very high, a population based estimate of the frequency of sub-/infertility was undertaken. A survey was used in a representative random sample of the population. The study included an assessment of health care available for infertile(More)
Background: Maternal mortality is the vital indicator with the greatest disparity between developed and developing countries. The challenging nature of measuring maternal mortality has made it necessary to perform an action-oriented means of gathering information on where, how and why deaths are occurring; what kinds of action are needed and have been(More)
The objective was to determine the magnitude of HIV as well as the associations between HIV seropositivity with reproductive tract infections (RTIs) among healthy women in Harare, Zimbabwe. In a cross-sectional study, 393 informed consenting women aged 15--49 years, attending 2 primary healthcare clinics, were interviewed and screened for HIV and RTIs. HIV(More)
This explorative study was conducted in the Mangochi area in Malawi with the aim of investigating the individual, community and health facility level factors influencing women's choice of place of delivery. In depth interviews and non-participating observation were the methods used. Three major issues were revealed. First, sub optimal quality of care(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the strategies that health care providers employ in order to invite men to participate in maternal health care is very vital especially in today's dynamic cultural environment. Effective utilization of such strategies is dependent on uncovering the salient issues that facilitate male participation in maternal health care. This paper(More)
Mother-to-child transmission of HIV constitutes a substantial burden of new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa, and losses to follow-up continue to undermine prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programmes. This qualitative study sought to clarify why some women who were enrolled in a PMTCT programme in Lilongwe, Malawi, did not fully(More)
AIMS Reproductive behaviour has changed during the most recent decades, with increased infertility and subfertility. This study evaluated fertility, estimated the prevalence of fertility problems, and assessed possible predictors for impaired fertility. METHODS Eligible subjects were 9,983 menopausal women participating in two health surveys. Data were(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of ethnic Somali women in Norway have undergone an elaborate form of circumcision (infibulation). The aim of this study was to examine the risk of perinatal complications among ethnic Somalis and to discuss its relation to circumcision. METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional population-based registry study. Data on all births to(More)
AIM OF STUDY In this study we assessed the quality of health care for infertile patients as expressed by the patients themselves. The implementation of the existing structured plan for infertility investigation and treatment was also reviewed. DESIGN AND DATA: The sample consisted of all 361 women registered with an infertility diagnosis during 1982 at(More)
In order to understand the problems of unwanted infertility in a country--the Gambia--where the desire for children and the fertility is very high, a population-based survey was undertaken. All infertile women in 24 randomly selected enumeration areas were assessed. The study included a review of the problems faced and coping mechanisms employed by(More)