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Susceptibility to asthma depends on variation at an unknown number of genetic loci. To identify susceptibility genes on chromosome 7p, we adopted a hierarchical genotyping design, leading to the identification of a 133-kilobase risk-conferring segment containing two genes. One of these coded for an orphan G protein-coupled receptor named GPRA (G(More)
The neuropeptide S (NPS)-NPS receptor 1 (NPSR1) pathway has recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma. The purpose of this study was to identify downstream gene targets regulated by NPSR1 upon NPS stimulation. A total of 104 genes were found significantly up-regulated and 42 down-regulated by microarray analysis 6 h after NPS administration. By(More)
Neuropeptide S receptor 1 (NPSR1, GPRA 154, GPRA) has been verified as a susceptibility gene for asthma and related phenotypes. The ligand for NPSR1, Neuropeptide S (NPS), activates signalling through NPSR1 and microarray analysis has identified Tenascin C (TNC) as a target gene of NPS-NPSR1 signalling. TNC has previously been implicated as a risk gene for(More)
We recently identified a novel positional asthma susceptibility gene, GPRA, which belongs to the G protein-coupled receptor family. In the present studies, we show that isoform specific activation of GPRA-A with its agonist, Neuropeptide S (NPS) resulted in significant inhibition of cell growth. GPRA has several variants due to extensive alternative(More)
G protein-coupled receptor 154 (GPR154) is a recently discovered asthma susceptibility gene upregulated in the airways of asthma patients. We previously observed increased pulmonary mRNA expression of the murine ortholog Gpr154 in a mouse model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced inflammation. However, the expression profile of GPR154 in leukocytes and the cellular(More)
BACKGROUND Several members of the GIMAP gene family have been suggested as being involved in different aspects of the immune system in different species. Recently, a mutation in the GIMAP5 gene was shown to cause lymphopenia in a rat model of autoimmune insulin-dependent diabetes. Thus it was hypothesised that genetic variation in GIMAP5 may be involved in(More)
BACKGROUND The human commensal microbiota interacts in a complex manner with the immune system, and the outcome of these interactions might depend on the immune status of the subject. OBJECTIVE Previous studies have suggested a strong allergy-protective effect for Gammaproteobacteria. Here we analyze the skin microbiota, allergic sensitization (atopy),(More)
Retinoid acid receptor-related Orphan Receptor Alpha (RORA) was recently identified as a susceptibility gene for asthma in a genome-wide association study. To investigate the impact of RORA on asthma susceptibility, we performed a genetic association study between RORA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the vicinity of the asthma-associated SNP(More)
Neuropeptide S receptor 1 (NPSR1) was recently found to be genetically associated with inflammatory bowel disease in addition to asthma and related traits. Epithelia of several organs express NPSR1 isoforms A and B, including the intestine and the skin, and NPSR1 appears to be upregulated in inflammation. In this study, we used cell lines and tissue samples(More)
Orazipone (OR-1384) and OR-1958 are novel anti-inflammatory sulfhydryl reactive compounds with potential applications in the treatment of chronic obstructive lung disease and colitis. Mast cells are potent immune system cells which can be found in abundant numbers in mucosa of lung and gut. We have studied whether the anti-inflammatory effect of these(More)