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Deafness is a condition with a high prevalence worldwide, produced primarily by the loss of the sensory hair cells and their associated spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs). Of all the forms of deafness, auditory neuropathy is of particular concern. This condition, defined primarily by damage to the SGNs with relative preservation of the hair cells, is(More)
Fgf-3 is expressed in a complex pattern during mouse development. Previously, an essential regulatory element PS4A was identified in the promoter region, and shown to bind at least three factors. To identify the transcription factor(s), we used a yeast one-hybrid screen and obtained a novel Sox6 cDNA (SOX6D). When introduced into cells it strongly repressed(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer associated with smoking and drinking remains a serious health problem worldwide. The survival of patients is very poor due to the lack of effective early biomarkers. FOXM1 overexpression is linked to the majority of human cancers but its mechanism remains unclear in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)
Running title: Subtypes of oral carcinoma-associated fibroblasts. Summary sentence: Cancer-associated fibroblasts sustain the tumor microenvironment and unraveling their heterogeneity may point to targetable weaknesses. Author manuscripts have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication but have not yet been edited. Abstract Heterogeneity of(More)
We have located and sequenced the murine homologue of the hst/k-FGF oncogene in genomic DNA clones that extend 3' from int-2 on mouse chromosome 7. The two genes are in the same transcriptional orientation, less than 20 kilobase pairs (kb) apart, and presumably evolved by tandem duplication of a common ancestral gene. RNase mapping and primer extension(More)
The int-2 gene, which encodes a member of the fibroblast growth factor family, is expressed at specific sites and times during mouse development. In certain embryonal carcinoma cell lines, multiple int-2 transcripts accumulate when the cells are induced to differentiate with retinoic acid and dibutyryl cyclic AMP. Nuclear run-on analyses indicate that the(More)
The proto-oncogene Fgf-3 has been implicated as an important signalling molecule in vertebrate development. In the mouse, it is expressed for a limited time at a multitude of sites from embryonic day 7 to birth. Transcription of Fgf-3 initiates at three promoter regions resulting in the generation of various mRNAs which nevertheless all encode the same(More)
Heterogeneity of carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAF) has long been recognized, but the functional significance remains poorly understood. Here, we report the distinction of two CAF subtypes in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) that have differential tumor-promoting capability, one with a transcriptome and secretome closer to normal fibroblasts (CAF-N)(More)
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