Johanna Stampler

Learn More
In heme enzymes belonging to the peroxidase-cyclooxygenase superfamily the proximal histidine is in close interaction with a fully conserved asparagine. The crystal structure of a mixture of glycoforms of myeloperoxidase (MPO) purified from granules of human leukocytes prompted us to revise the orientation of this asparagine and the protonation status of(More)
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is the most abundant neutrophil enzyme and catalyzes predominantly the two-electron oxidation of ubiquitous chloride to generate the potent bleaching hypochlorous acid, thus contributing to pathogen killing as well as inflammatory diseases. Its catalytic properties are closely related with unique posttranslational modifications of its(More)
In human heme peroxidases the prosthetic group is covalently attached to the protein via two ester linkages between conserved glutamate and aspartate residues and modified methyl groups on pyrrole rings A and C. Here, monomeric recombinant myeloperoxidase (MPO) and the variants D94V and D94N were produced in Chinese hamster ovary cell lines. Disruption of(More)
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a lysosomal heme enzyme present in the azurophilic granules of human neutrophils and monocytes. It is a critical element of the human innate immune system by exerting antimicrobial effects. It is a disulfide bridged dimer with each monomer containing a light and a heavy polypeptide and its biosynthesis and intracellular transport(More)
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is synthesized by neutrophil and monocyte precursor cells and contributes to host defense by mediating microbial killing. Although several steps in MPO biosynthesis and processing have been elucidated, many questions remained, such as the structure-function relationship of monomeric unprocessed proMPO versus the mature dimeric MPO and(More)
In all mammalian peroxidases, the heme is covalently attached to the protein via two ester linkages between conserved aspartate (Asp94) and glutamate residues (Glu242) and modified methyl groups on pyrrole rings A and C. Only myeloperoxidase has an additional sulfonium ion linkage between the sulfur atom of the conserved methionine 243 and the beta-carbon(More)
In mammalian peroxidases the proximal histidine is in close interaction with a fully conserved asparagine which in turn is hydrogen bonded with an arginine that stabilizes the propionate substituent of pyrrol ring D in bent conformation. In order to probe the role of this rigid proximal architecture for structural integrity and catalysis of human(More)
  • 1