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The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of docetaxel to methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil in advanced breast cancer after anthracycline failure. A randomised multicentre trial was conducted in 283 patients with advanced breast cancer who had failed previous anthracycline treatment. Docetaxel at a dose of 100 mg/m2 every 3 weeks (n =(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the addition of intravenous (IV) vinorelbine to epirubicin increased the progression-free survival in first-line treatment of metastatic breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 387 patients were randomly assigned to receive IV epirubicin 90 mg/m(2) on day 1 and vinorelbine 25 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8, or epirubicin 90(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the HER2 expression in breast cancer is retained in metastases. The HER2 expression in primary tumours and the corresponding lymph node metastases were evaluated in parallel samples from 47 patients. The HercepTest was used for immunohistochemical analyses of HER2 overexpression in all cases. CISH/FISH was used(More)
PURPOSE The purpose was to evaluate the utility of some bcl-2 family proteins fas and fasL as predictive indicators for chemotherapy response in advanced breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Between October 1994 and October 1997, 283 patients with advanced breast cancer were included in a multicenter randomized study comparing docetaxel (D) to sequential(More)
p53 is a transcription factor that participates in cell cycle checkpoint processes and apoptosis. The protein product of the murine double minute gene 2 (mdm-2) plays a central role in the regulation of p53. In response to DNA-damaging agents, the wild-type p53-activated fragment 1 (WAF1 also known as p21) is an important downstream effector in the(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY To produce an empirical estimate of the nature and magnitude of the error produced by incorrect timing quality of life (QoL) measurements in patients receiving chemotherapy. DESIGN In a multicentre trial, 283 patients were randomized to receive either docetaxel (T) or sequential methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil (MF). The QoL was assessed(More)
The study was designed to identify factors that could predict response to chemotherapy in breast cancer. A total of 173 patients with measurable or evaluable metastatic breast cancer were enrolled in a randomized trial between November 1987 and January 1991 to receive a monthly dose of 5-fluorouracil (500 mg m(-2)), epirubicin (60 mg m(-2)) and(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of two alternative chemotherapy regimes on the quality of life (QoL) of patients with advanced breast cancer. In a multicentre trial, 283 patients were randomised to receive either docetaxel (T) or sequential methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil (MF). QoL was assessed at baseline and before each treatment(More)
Most breast cancer patients receive chemotherapy at some phase of their illness but only about half of them benefit from it. Identifying the factors predicting response to chemotherapy would also assist the clinician in selection of appropriate patients for chemotherapy, thus saving others from unnecessary exposure to toxic agents. At the present time,(More)