Johanna Scheibe

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INTRODUCTION Cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD) is one of the most prevalent neurological disorders. The progressive remodeling of brain microvessels due to arterial hypertension or other vascular risk factors causes subtle, but constant cognitive decline through to manifest dementia and substantially increases the risk for stroke. Preliminary evidence(More)
The astrocytic response to ischemic brain injury is characterized by specific alterations of glial cell morphology and function. Various studies described both beneficial and detrimental aspects of activated astrocytes, suggesting the existence of different subtypes. We investigated this issue using a novel object-based approach to study characteristics of(More)
Ischemic stroke swiftly induces a wide spectrum of pathophysiological sequelae, particularly in the aged brain. The translational failure of experimental therapies, might partially be related to monotherapeutic approaches, not address potential counter-mechanisms sufficiently or within the best time window. For example, therapeutic effects relying on(More)
Fetal human neural precursor cells (NPCs) are unique with respect to their capacity to proliferate and to preserve their potential to differentiate into neurons and glia. Human mesencephalic neural precursor cells (hmNPCs) provide a source for dopaminergic neurons. Preclinical and clinical research will benefit from reliable in vivo tracking of transplanted(More)
Arterial hypertension is not only the leading risk factor for stroke, but also attributes to impaired recovery and poor outcome. The latter could be explained by hypertensive vascular remodeling that aggravates perfusion deficits and blood-brain barrier disruption. However, besides vascular changes, one could hypothesize that activation of the immune system(More)
The adult brain contains neural precursor cells (NPC) that are attracted to brain lesions, such as areas of neurodegeneration, ischemia, and cancer. This suggests that NPC engineered to promote lineage-specific differentiation or to express therapeutic genes might become a valuable tool for restorative cell therapy and for targeting therapeutic genes to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We aimed to determine a possible synergistic effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BM MNC) after stroke in spontaneously hypertensive rats. METHODS Male spontaneously hypertensive rats were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion and randomly assigned to daily(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (GCSF) showed robust neuroprotective and neuroregenerative properties after stroke in rodents but failed to meet study end points in patients. Because immunologic side effects of GCSF may have escaped preclinical testing because of nonallometric dose translation, we hypothesized those as possible(More)