Johanna N. Spaans

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PURPOSE This study analyzed patients enrolled in two large, prospectively randomized trials of systemic chemotherapy (adjuvant/palliative setting) for non-small-cell lung Cancer (NSCLC). The main objective was to determine if age and/or the burden of chronic medical conditions (comorbidity) are independent predictors of survival, treatment delivery, and(More)
BACKGROUND HIV reservoirs represent the major obstacles for eradication and are defined as a cell type that allows persistence of replication-competent HIV in patients on optimal long-term antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Several pilot clinical trials have been implemented to assess the value of experimental therapy to reduce reservoir size or eradicate HIV.(More)
Our ability to detect and directly target the oncogenic alterations responsible for tumor proliferation has contributed significantly to the management of lung cancer in the last decade. The therapeutic efficacy of molecularly targeted therapy is, however, mainly limited to patients harboring certain genetic mutations and is generally short-lived. Herein,(More)
BACKGROUND Low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWH) have an antitumor effect in vitro and in experimental animal models of malignancy. Retrospective data suggest that it might improve survival in cancer patients. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effect of LMWH compared to placebo or no anticoagulant intervention on the survival of cancer patients. METHODS We(More)
10780 Background: Locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) (including inflammatory breast cancer (IBC)) accounts for less than 5% of women diagnosed with breast cancer in North America each year. This population of women continues to represent a challenge in terms of timely diagnosis and treatment. METHODS A retrospective database was developed using the(More)
PURPOSE Despite the benefits of adjuvant radiotherapy after radical prostatectomy, approximately one-half of patients relapse. Four consensus guidelines have been published (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Faculty of Radiation Oncology Genito-Urinary Group, Princess Margaret Hospital, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group) with the(More)
PURPOSE To present the mature experience of a phase II trial of intermittent androgen suppression (IAS). METHODS AND MATERIALS Intermittent androgen-suppression therapy was initiated in prostate-cancer patients to delay hormone resistance and minimize potential side effects of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT). Patients received cyclical periods of ADT(More)
Molecularly targeted agents are changing the therapeutic landscape in advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Since the discovery of sensitizing mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) domain, clinical investigations have focused on optimizing the efficacy of EGFR and ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors by(More)
The Africaid Trust is a grassroots South African non-profit organization that engages youth in HIV prevention by harnessing the popularity of football (i.e. soccer). WhizzKids United, the organization’s primary program, operates a 12-week program in elementary schools in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, which aims to impart knowledge and life skills critical(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Expression of alpha 4 beta 7 on memory T lymphocytes identifies a cell population that preferentially migrates to the gut. Detection of alpha 4 beta 7 on circulating lymphocytes may permit the identification of specific subsets trafficking between the circulation and the gut in inflammatory bowel diseases. PATIENTS Samples and clinical(More)