Learn More
CONTEXT Previous studies have evaluated the safety of relatively complex combinations of clinical decision rules and diagnostic tests in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism. OBJECTIVE To assess the clinical effectiveness of a simplified algorithm using a dichotomized clinical decision rule, D-dimer testing, and computed tomography (CT) in patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Bilateral transverse thoracosternotomy (clamshell incision) is a widely used approach in bilateral sequential lung transplantation, but the closure technique is associated with sternal dehiscence. This study compares the incidence of sternal dehiscence between the crossed and uncrossed closure techniques. METHODS In 129 patients who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigated the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients awaiting lung transplantation (LTx) and its influence on survival. We also explored the feasibility of using echocardiography as a first assessment for diagnosing PH. METHODS The study included 93 CF patients (46 women [50%]) evaluated for LTx(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after lung transplantation is characterized by inflammation, remodeling and fibrosis. Both YKL-40 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 have shown to be involved in these processes. We measured serial YKL-40 and MMP-9 serum levels in lung transplant recipients and assessed(More)
After lung transplantation (LTx), circulating mononuclear cell composition and their subsets may be predictive for the bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). We investigated the cellular composition in patients developing BOS, or not, by analyzing peripheral blood taken at multiple time points after transplantation. PBMCs of 11 BOS and 39 non-BOS patients(More)
AIMS The aims of the study are to investigate the prevalence of diabetes in patients with cystic fibrosis compared with patients without cystic fibrosis, and its impact on the outcome after lung transplantation. METHODS Data were reviewed from 77 lung transplantation recipients in our centre between 2001 and 2010; 43 patients had cystic fibrosis and 34(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of the immune system is suggested to prevent transplant tolerance and to promote the development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). The innate immune system is activated by the interaction of pathogen-associated molecular patterns of microorganisms with Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Activation of innate immunity via TLRs was(More)
Despite the use of immunosuppressives mainly influencing T and B cell responses, the prevalence of the bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after lung transplantation is high. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a pattern recognition molecule of complement and an important component of the innate immunity. MBL is associated with rejection, infection and(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms that lead to the fibrotic obliteration in bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) may involve the interactions between T-helper (Th)1 and Th2 cytokines. The aim of this study is to determine the Th1 and Th2 cytokine and chemokine profiles in serum and exhaled breath condensate (EBC) in lung transplant recipients and to assess their(More)