Learn More
CONTEXT Previous studies have evaluated the safety of relatively complex combinations of clinical decision rules and diagnostic tests in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism. OBJECTIVE To assess the clinical effectiveness of a simplified algorithm using a dichotomized clinical decision rule, D-dimer testing, and computed tomography (CT) in patients(More)
AIMS The aims of the study are to investigate the prevalence of diabetes in patients with cystic fibrosis compared with patients without cystic fibrosis, and its impact on the outcome after lung transplantation. METHODS Data were reviewed from 77 lung transplantation recipients in our centre between 2001 and 2010; 43 patients had cystic fibrosis and 34(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of the immune system is suggested to prevent transplant tolerance and to promote the development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). The innate immune system is activated by the interaction of pathogen-associated molecular patterns of microorganisms with Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Activation of innate immunity via TLRs was(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary epithelium is the primary target of injury in the development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after lung transplantation. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-8 and -9 already have been implicated in the pathogenesis of BOS. MMP-7, which is involved in the repair of the lung epithelium, has not been studied in this respect. We(More)
Despite the use of immunosuppressives mainly influencing T and B cell responses, the prevalence of the bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after lung transplantation is high. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a pattern recognition molecule of complement and an important component of the innate immunity. MBL is associated with rejection, infection and(More)
Autoantibodies against endothelin-1 type A receptor (ETAR) are present in systemic sclerosis complicated by lung fibrosis and pulmonary hypertension. As increased serum levels and local overproduction of endothelin-1 in the airways are reported in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, we reasoned that anti-ETAR antibodies could be prevalent in endstage CF patients(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms that lead to the fibrotic obliteration in bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) may involve the interactions between T-helper (Th)1 and Th2 cytokines. The aim of this study is to determine the Th1 and Th2 cytokine and chemokine profiles in serum and exhaled breath condensate (EBC) in lung transplant recipients and to assess their(More)
BACKGROUND Passenger leukocytes of donor origin are transferred to the patient resulting in circulatory microchimerism after lung transplantation (LTx). This chimeric state has been shown to occur in the total leukocyte fraction as well as unseparated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). In this study we determined the microchimerism levels of B(More)
Alloreactive T cells that infiltrate the graft after lung transplantation (LTx) play a role in chronic rejection. Chemokines such as thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC), macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) are produced locally in the lung and attract T cells via chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4). In a TARC(More)