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BACKGROUND We aimed to determine the prognostic impact of time between primary breast cancer and diagnosis of distant metastasis (metastatic-free interval, MFI) on the survival of metastatic breast cancer patients. METHODS Consecutive patients diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer in 2007-2009 in eight hospitals in the Southeast of the Netherlands were(More)
A feasibility study was performed to assess the toxicity and efficacy of a combination of gemcitabine-radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). 24 patients (15 females and 9 males) with measurable LAPC were included; the median age of the patients was 63 years (range 39-74 years). The performance status ranged from 0 to 2.(More)
PURPOSE The main advantage of administering chemotherapy by means of hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) is the achievement of a high concentration of the drug in the liver. Irinotecan (CPT-11) is an active agent for the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer and other tumor types, which frequently metastasize in the liver. We performed a Phase I and(More)
BACKGROUND Irinotecan is an active drug in colorectal cancer. In patients with liver metastases, hepatic arterial infusion of irinotecan could theoretically result in higher exposure to the drug. In order to determine the efficacy of hepatic arterial irinotecan we conducted a phase II study in pretreated patients with liver metastases of colorectal cancer.(More)
BACKGROUND In vitro, thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition by 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) induces thymineless apoptosis possibly via Fas receptor Fas ligand interactions and cell-cycle arrest. In colorectal cancer patients we evaluated whether 5-FU administration also resulted in apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest and which proteins might be involved. PATIENTS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Thymidylate synthase (TS) has been associated with clinical outcome in disseminated colorectal cancer. However, many patients with low TS expression still fail to respond to treatment. Therefore, we studied the cell cycle proteins, Rb, E2F2, Ki67, p21 and p53 and the apoptotic proteins, mcl-1, hax, bcl-xl, bcl-2, Fas receptor, Fas ligand,(More)
PURPOSE This study was performed to assess the toxicities, the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), the pharmacokinetics and the anti-tumour activity of gemcitabine given by 24-h hepatic arterial infusion (HAI). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with liver malignancies received gemcitabine by 24-h HAI, weekly x 3, every 4 weeks. On day 1 or day 8 of the first cycle,(More)
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most common and most lethal cancers in the Western world with a median survival of approximately 3 months. Thus far, the results of anti-cancer treatment have been dismal, with a median survival of only 20 months in resectable pancreatic cancer, and 6 months in advanced disease. Although combined chemoradiation results in(More)
In advanced colorectal cancer, liver metastases are a major problem. In patients with liver metastases as the major site of disease hepatic arterial chemotherapy is a valid alternative to systemic treatment. In this review about hepatic arterial chemotherapy we will discuss the theoretical and practical aspects, the results and complications, the selection(More)
At time of presentation the majority of patients with pancreaticobiliary cancer have locally advanced or metastatic disease which makes them unamenable for curative surgery. In these patients chemotherapy is an option which has gained more support over the past few years. Special problems faced in chemotherapeutic treatment are the patient's poor condition(More)