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Volumetric cell densities in 13 different subfields of the temporal lobe were calculated to test various hypotheses about mesial and lateral temporal lobe sclerosis in patients with complex partial epilepsy. In patients benefitting (primary group) from anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL), sclerosis was greater (fewer cells) in anterior than in posterior(More)
The depth ictal electroencephalographic (EEG) propagation sequence accompanying 78 complex partial seizures of mesial temporal origin was reviewed in 24 patients (15 from the University of Pittsburgh Epilepsy Center and 9 from UCLA). All patients were monitored with bilateral mesial frontal and mesial temporal depth electrodes and later received anterior(More)
Pyramidal cell densities in various regions of the anterior and posterior hippocampal formation were measured from en bloc temporal lobe resections and compared with presurgical stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) data derived from depth electrodes in 12 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. These data were compared with cell densities observed in four(More)
Light and electron microscopic analyses were carried out on the stimulated and unstimulated paravermal cortices of six rhesus monkeys that had electrodes implanted on their cerebella for 2 months. The electrodes and the stimulation regime (10 p.p.s.: 8 min on, 8 min off) were similar to those used to stimulate the human cerebellum for treatment of certain(More)
Criteria for anterior temporal lobectomy, performed on seven patients with partial complex seizures, were derived from a battery of fourteen presurgical tests. Seven tests were routine studies aimed at identifying a focus of epileptic excitability, while seven were designed to reveal areas of focal functional deficit. Conflicting information was frequently(More)
The statistical properties of pre-ictal EEG spike activity in medial temporal lobe sites were analyzed in 6 patients with medically refractory complex partial seizures. A total of 24 1 h pre-ictal periods (2-6 periods per patient) were evaluated by quantifying the rate of occurrence of individual spatial patterns of spike activity derived from a subset (n =(More)
Surface and depth EEG seizure patterns were compared in 34 patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy in whom depth EEG electrodes had been chronically implanted in order to localize epileptogenic sites with a view to surgery. EEG records accompanied by clinical seizures, auras, no behavioral changes, as well as records for which no behavioral(More)
Intra- and inter-hemispheric propagation of ictal discharges was analyzed with computer techniques in 10 patients with complex partial seizures of mesial temporal lobe origin in whom depth electrodes had been stereotaxically implanted. Coherence and phase analysis of seizure discharges was used to detect the emergence of linear relationships between all(More)
This study evaluated ictal stereotaxic electroencephalogram (SEEG) records in 75 patients with complex partial seizures who later received anterior temporal lobectomy and were evaluated for long-term seizure relief. The time required for seizures to propagate from the putatively epileptogenic hippocampal formation to the contralateral hippocampal formation(More)
Depth spike activity was evaluated from medial temporal lobe sites using computer spike recognition techniques in all-night sleep records derived from 10 patients with medically refractory complex partial seizures. Sleep stages were classified into 1 of 4 groups: wakefulness, REM sleep, light sleep and deep sleep. Some disturbance in the periodicity of the(More)