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This paper presents a novel modeling and control approach for the aggregation of large numbers of heterogeneous thermostatically controlled loads, such as refrigerators , electric water heaters, and air conditioners, and their usage for Demand Response. Unlike traditional Demand Response methods that act on time scales of hours, this approach is able to(More)
Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works. Abstract—This(More)
— We investigate the potential for aggregations of residential thermostatically controlled loads (TCLs), such as air conditioners, to arbitrage intraday wholesale electricity market prices via non-disruptive direct load control. Since wholesale electricity prices reflect power system conditions, arbitrage provides a service to the grid, helping to balance(More)
Energy storage devices, such as batteries, have been proposed as a solution to the need for additional power systems services caused by variability and uncertainty in system demand and renewable energy production. However, in many respects, buildings and appliances with thermal mass are equivalent or even superior to batteries for these purposes. In this(More)
Controlling electric loads to deliver power system services presents a number of interesting challenges. For example, changes in electricity consumption of Commercial and Industrial (C&I) facilities are usually estimated using counterfactual baseline models, and model uncertainty makes it difficult to precisely quantify control responsiveness. Moreover, C&I(More)
ARUBA (Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash) has proven effective at removing high concentrations of arsenic from drinking water in Bangladesh. During fieldwork in four sub-districts of the country, ARUBA reduced arsenic levels ranging from 200 to 900 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. The technology is cost-effective because the substrate—bottom(More)
We present methods for analyzing commercial and industrial facility 15-minute-interval electric load data. These methods allow building managers to better understand their facility's electricity consumption over time and to compare it to other buildings, helping them to 'ask the right questions' to discover opportunities for demand response, energy(More)
—We investigate the potential for aggregations of residential thermostatically controlled loads (TCLs), such as air conditioners, to arbitrage intraday wholesale electricity market prices via non-disruptive load control. We present two arbitrage approaches: 1) a benchmark that gives us an optimal policy but requires local computation or real-time(More)
This paper presents a variety of different Security Constrained Optimal Power Flow formulations addressing four power system operation and planning problems: (a) forecast uncertainty of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) in-feed and load, (b) security criteria based on contingency risk, (c) corrective control offered through High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC)(More)