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Seventy-two mature, nonpregnant, nonlactating Hereford cows (400 kg) were utilized in a comparative slaughter trial to investigate the effects of carcass composition on the metabolizable energy (ME) required for maintenance in winter. Body condition score (CS), live weight (LW) and weight:height ratio (WTHT) were evaluated and compared as estimators of(More)
Two hundred forty single-source, cross-bred steers (304 kg) were used to evaluate the effects of various water sulfate concentrations on performance, water intake, and carcass characteristics of feedlot steers. Cattle were stratified by weight and assigned within weight blocks to five water treatments. Averaged over time, actual water sulfate concentrations(More)
Long-lasting neuroadaptations that occur during drug use and remain after withdrawal are thought to contribute to the persisting and compulsive nature of drug addiction and relapse. At the molecular and cellular levels, mechanisms that have been implicated in the normal process of memory formation are increasingly being identified as potential contributors(More)
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate effects of ractopamine (RAC) and steroidal implant treatments on performance, carcass traits, blood metabolites, and lipogenic enzyme activity in feedlot cattle. In Exp. 1, yearling steers (n = 486; initial BW = 305 kg) were used in a 3 × 3 factorial arrangement of RAC doses of 0 (R0), 100 (R100), or 200 (R200)(More)
Two hundred fifty-two cross-bred yearling steers (406 ± 24 kg BW) were used in a completely randomized block design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments (7 pens/treatment) to evaluate the effects of dietary Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product (SFP) and monensin (MON) on growth performance and carcass characteristics. Dietary treatments(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that opioid substances are often inhibitors of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transmitter system in the hippocampal formation, and that GABA-mediated inhibition is a potent modulator of synaptic plasticity. Field excitatory postsynaptic potentials were recorded from the CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices in response(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of winter growing program on subsequent finishing performance, carcass merit, and body composition of beef steers. Four steers were slaughtered to determine initial body composition. Remaining steers (n = 256) were blocked by BW and randomly allotted to 1 of 4 treatment groups: 1) ad libitum fed a(More)
A total of 432 crossbred yearling steers (395 kg +/- 6.35) were used in a randomized block experiment to study the effects of rumen degradable intake protein (DIP) and rumen undegradable intake protein (UIP) concentration on feedlot performance and carcass merit. The 6 dietary treatments used for this study included 1) a 10.5% CP diet with 5.1% UIP and 5.4%(More)
A randomized complete block design experiment with 360 single-source black yearling steers (average BW = 316.1 +/- 9.1 kg) fed a 91% concentrate (steam-flaked corn base) diet was conducted to evaluate the effects of supplemental vitamin A (0, 1,103, 2,205, 4,410, or 8,820 IU/kg of dietary DM) on plasma and liver vitamin A and E concentrations, lipogenic(More)
The most common method of controlling acidemia during lung-protective ventilation is CO₂ removal with an extracorporeal lung assist (ECLA) system. Another possibility to prevent acidemia is based on intravenous (i.v.) application of tris-hydroxymethyl-aminomethane (3 mol/L, THAM) buffer, which can bind hydrogen protons and which can be removed from the body(More)