Johanna Jokinen

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Antimicrobial treatment decreases bacterial culture yields. We assessed the impact of antimicrobial treatment on pneumococcal assays in a prospective study of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the elderly. We enrolled 323 cases aged ≥65 years with radiologically confirmed CAP and collected detailed data on antimicrobial exposure and pneumococcal assays(More)
BACKGROUND Antiadhesive compounds are promising candidates for prevention or treatment of infections. We have investigated the efficacy of such an agent, 3'-sialyllacto-N-neotetraose (NE-1530), given intranasally for prophylaxis of acute otitis media and for effect on nasopharyngeal carriage of bacteria. METHODS We did a randomised, double-blind(More)
BACKGROUND The epidural route is still considered the gold standard for labour analgesia, although it is not without serious consequences when incorrect placement goes unrecognized, e.g. in case of intravascular, intrathecal and subdural placements. Until now there has not been a viable alternative to epidural analgesia especially in view of the neonatal(More)
BACKGROUND Transfusion of allogeneic blood influences outcome after surgery. Despite widespread availability of transfusion guidelines, transfusion practices might vary among physicians, departments, hospitals and countries. Our aim was to determine the amount of packed red blood cells (pRBC) and blood products transfused intraoperatively, and to describe(More)
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