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Type XVII collagen (BP180) is a keratinocyte transmembrane protein that exists as the full-length protein in hemidesmosomes and as a 120-kDa shed ectodomain in the extracellular matrix. The largest collagenous domain of type XVII collagen, COL15, has been described previously as a cell adhesion domain (Tasanen, K., Eble, J. A., Aumailley, M., Schumann, H.,(More)
Conformational activation increases the affinity of integrins to their ligands. On ligand binding, further changes in integrin conformation elicit cellular signalling. Unlike any of the natural ligands of alpha2beta1 integrin, human echovirus 1 (EV1) seemed to bind more avidly a 'closed' than an activated 'open' form of the alpha2I domain. Furthermore, a(More)
In the integrin family, the collagen receptors form a structurally and functionally distinct subgroup. Two members of this subgroup, alpha(1)beta(1) and alpha(2)beta(1) integrins, are known to bind to monomeric form of type I collagen. However, in tissues type I collagen monomers are organized into large fibrils immediately after they are released from(More)
Activation of protein kinase C by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) induces ligand-independent aggregation of a cell surface collagen receptor, alpha2beta1 integrin. Concomitantly, TPA increases the avidity of alpha2beta1 for collagen and the number of conformationally activated alpha2beta1 integrins. The structural change was shown using a(More)
Integrin avidity is regulated by changes in the conformation of the heterodimer and cluster formation. We measured cell adhesion by integrin alpha2beta1 (CHO-alpha2) to collagen at short contact times (0.5-60s) by single cell force spectroscopy (SCFS). The adhesion increased rapidly with contact time and was further strengthened by the addition of(More)
Several different receptor molecules act in concert to regulate cell adhesion. Among these are cell-surface proteoglycans and integrins, which collaborate extensively in mediating binding of cells to extracellular matrix molecules fibronectin and vitronectin. However, very little is known about possible functional synergism between proteoglycans and(More)
Phorbol diester PMA (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate) is a well-known promoter of tumor progression. PMA also regulates cell adhesion by several mechanisms including conformational activation of integrins and integrin clustering. Here, PMA was shown to induce lamellipodia formation and reorganization of the adhesion sites as well as actin and vimentin(More)
We have analyzed the structure and function of the integrin α(1)I domain harboring a gain-of-function mutation E317A. To promote protein crystallization, a double variant with an additional C139S mutation was used. In cell adhesion assays, the E317A mutation promoted binding to collagen. Similarly, the double mutation C139S/E317A increased adhesion compared(More)
Integrin alpha2beta1 is a potential target molecule in drug development. We have established "design" criteria for molecules that bind to the "closed" conformation of alpha2I domain via Mg(2+) in MIDAS (metal ion dependent adhesion site) while simultaneously forming interactions with neighboring amino acid residues. Specific tetracyclic Streptomyces(More)
The interaction between α2β1 integrin (GPIa/IIa, VLA-2) and vascular collagen is one of the initiating events in thrombus formation. Here, we describe two structurally similar sulfonamide derivatives, BTT-3033 and BTT-3034, and show that, under static conditions, they have an almost identical effect on α2-expressing CHO cell adhesion to collagen I, but only(More)