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The molecular mechanisms that drive expression of the alarmin interleukin-33 (IL-33) in endothelial cells are unknown. Because nuclear IL-33 is a marker of endothelial cell quiescence (corroborated in this study by coexpression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(Kip1)), we hypothesized that Notch signaling might be involved in regulating IL-33(More)
Rapid translocation of P-selectin from WPB to the surface of endothelial cells is crucial for early neutrophil recruitment to acute inflammatory lesions. Likewise, the chemokine CXCL8/IL-8 is sorted to WPB in human endothelial cells, but little is known about its functional importance in lack of a suitable animal model. Here, we explored the distribution of(More)
IL-33 is a novel IL-1 family member with a putative role in inflammatory skin disorders and a complex biology. Therefore, recent conflicting data regarding its function in experimental models justify a close assessment of its tissue expression and regulation. Indeed, we report here that there are strong species differences in the expression and regulation(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined the role of the CXCR2 ligand growth-related oncogene (GRO) alpha in human atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS GROalpha levels were examined by enzyme immunoassay, real-time quantitative RT-PCR, and cDNA microarrays. The in vitro effect of statins on GROalpha was examined in endothelial cells and THP-1 macrophages. Our main findings(More)
Sorting of proteins to Weibel-Palade bodies (WPB) of endothelial cells allows rapid regulated secretion of leukocyte-recruiting P-selectin and chemokines as well as procoagulant von Willebrand factor (VWF). Here we show by domain swap studies that the exposed aspartic acid in loop 2 (Ser(44)-Asp(45)-Gly(46)) of the CXC chemokine interleukin (IL)-8 is(More)
Abnormal tumor vessels promote metastasis and impair chemotherapy. Hence, tumor vessel normalization (TVN) is emerging as an anti-cancer treatment. Here, we show that tumor endothelial cells (ECs) have a hyper-glycolytic metabolism, shunting intermediates to nucleotide synthesis. EC haplo-deficiency or blockade of the glycolytic activator PFKFB3 did not(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin (IL)-33 is a nuclear protein that is released from stressed or damaged cells to act as an alarmin. We investigated the effects of IL-33 on endothelial cells, using the prototype IL-1 family member, IL-1β, as a reference. METHODS AND RESULTS Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were stimulated with IL-33 or IL-1β, showing highly(More)
BACKGROUND In addition to lowering cholesterol, statins are thought to beneficially modulate inflammation. Several chemokines including CXCL1/growth-related oncogene (GRO)-α, CXCL8/interleukin (IL)-8 and CCL2/monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 are important in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and can be influenced by statin-treatment. Recently, we(More)
IL-33, required for viral clearance by cytotoxic T cells, is generally expressed in vascular endothelial cells in healthy human tissues. We discovered that endothelial IL-33 expression was stimulated as a response to adenoviral transduction. This response was dependent on MRE11, a sensor of DNA damage that can also be activated by adenoviral DNA, and on(More)
Interleukin 33 (IL-33) is a cytokine preferentially elevated in acute ulcerative colitis (UC), inferring a role in its pathogenesis. The role of IL-33 in intestinal inflammation is incompletely understood, with both pro-inflammatory and regulatory properties described. There are also conflicting reports on cellular sources and subcellular location of IL-33(More)
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