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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Perinatal hypoxia-ischemia is a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Until now no established neuroprotective intervention after perinatal hypoxia-ischemia has been available. The delay in cell death after perinatal hypoxia-ischemia creates possibilities for therapeutic intervention after the initial insult. Excessive(More)
The hypothesis was tested that treatment with allopurinol, a xanthine oxidase inhibitor, or deferoxamine, a chelator of nonprotein-bound iron, preserved cerebral energy metabolism, attenuated development of edema, and improved histologic outcome in the newborn piglet at 24 h after hypoxia-ischemia. Thirty-two newborn piglets were subjected to 1 h of(More)
Myositis is a rare manifestation of Lyme disease of unknown pathogenesis. This study describes the course of disease in eight patients with Lyme disease, aged 37-70 years, all of whom were suffering from histologically proven myositis. The clinical, electrophysiological, and myopathological findings are reported. One patient showed signs and symptoms of(More)
The Xenopus homolog of the proto-oncogene wnt-1 (int-1) is transiently expressed during neurula and tailbud stages of early development. To determine the mechanisms involved in the transcriptional regulation of the Xwnt-1 gene, we isolated Xwnt-1 genomic sequences. The promoter activity of the 5' flanking region of the gene was analysed by microinjection of(More)
Most genomes are much more complex than required for the minimum chemistry of life. Evolution has selected sophistication more than life itself. Could this also apply to bioenergetics? We first examine mechanisms through which bioenergetics could deliver sophistication. We illustrate possible benefits of the turbo-charging of catabolic pathways, of loose(More)
Expression of the Engrailed-1 (XEn-1) gene was studied in Xenopus embryogenesis by Northern blot analysis and whole-mount in situ hybridization. One transcript of 2.2 kb was detected from stage 17 (midneurula) onwards, until stage 47 (swimming tadpole). The expression pattern of the XEn-1 gene as revealed by in situ hybridization can be divided in three(More)
The Xwnt-5C gene is expressed in Xenopus embryos from the early gastrula stage onwards. The transcription of Xwnt-5C is regulated differentially with respect to transcript size, timing and localization. To gain insight into the generation of the Xwnt-5C expression pattern, we started to analyze the transcriptional regulation of this gene. We isolated(More)
Glucocorticoid (GC) treatment in childhood can lead to suppression of longitudinal growth as a side effect. The actions of GCs are thought to be mediated in part by impaired action of the insulin-like growth factors (IGF-I and IGF-II) and their binding proteins (IGFBP-1 to -6). We have studied the effects of GCs on IGF and IGFBP expression at the local(More)
Overexpression of human insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) in transgenic mice does not result in increased overall body growth. The IGF-II overexpression, however, specifically causes growth of the thymus and not of the spleen. We address the question whether the observed differences in growth induction in lymphoid tissues by IGF-II can be related to(More)
High (pharmacological) doses of glucocorticoids inhibit the proliferation of growth plate chondrocytes, which leads to one of the side-effects of these steroids, namely suppression of longitudinal growth. Growth inhibition by glucocorticoids is thought to be mediated in part by impaired action of components of the IGF axis, which are important for(More)