Johanna E. M. Groener

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Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A that affects males and shows disease expression in heterozygotes. The characteristic progressive renal insufficiency, cardiac involvement, and neuropathology usually are ascribed to globotriaosylceramide accumulation in the endothelium. However, no direct(More)
Glycosphingolipids are structural membrane components, residing largely in the plasma membrane with their sugar-moieties exposed at the cell's surface. In recent times a crucial role for glycosphingolipids in insulin resistance has been proposed. A chronic state of insulin resistance is a rapidly increasing disease condition in Western and developing(More)
Gaucher disease, caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase, leads to prominent glucosylceramide accumulation in lysosomes of tissue macrophages (Gaucher cells). Here we show glucosylsphingosine, the deacylated form of glucosylceramide, to be markedly increased in plasma of symptomatic nonneuronopathic (type 1) Gaucher patients (n =(More)
UNLABELLED Kupffer cells have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various liver diseases. However, their involvement in metabolic disorders of the liver, including fatty liver disease, remains unclear. The present study sought to determine the impact of Kupffer cells on hepatic triglyceride storage and to explore the possible mechanisms involved. To that(More)
Two different enzyme preparations are used for the treatment of Fabry disease patients, agalsidase alpha (Replagal, Shire) and agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme, Genzyme). Therapeutic efficacy of both products has been variable probably due to differences in gender, severity, age and other patient characteristics. We studied the occurrence of alpha-Gal A(More)
CONTEXT Complex glycosphingolipids, in majority the ganglioside GM3, surround the insulin receptor in a special membrane compartment (raft) and modulate signaling through this receptor. Increased levels of GM3 in rafts impair insulin signaling, resulting in insulin resistance. Gaucher disease is a lysosomal storage disorder in which impaired breakdown of(More)
AIM To investigate extracellular matrix (ECM) characteristics of cortical bone and articular cartilage of patients with Morquio syndrome A, a lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase. PATIENTS AND METHODS Cartilage, bone, and fibroblasts from 2 unrelated patients with Morquio syndrome were used.(More)
UNLABELLED A biomarker is an analyte that indicates the presence of a biological process linked to the clinical manifestations and outcome of a particular disease. An ideal biomarker provides indirect but ongoing determinations of disease activity. In the case of lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs), metabolites or proteins specifically secreted by storage(More)
In the last 15 years enormous progress has been made regarding therapy of type I Gaucher disease, a severely disabling disorder characterized by intralysosomal storage of glucosylceramide in tissue macrophages. Effective enzyme replacement therapy of type I Gaucher disease, based on chronic intravenous administration of mannose-terminated recombinant human(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with Gaucher disease show signs of insulin resistance. The ganglioside GM3 has recently shown to be a negative regulator of insulin sensitivity. In fibroblasts of Gaucher patients, deficient in degradation of glucosylceramide, an increased anabolism of this lipid to gangliosides occurs. The goal of the current study was to establish(More)