Learn More
Cancer chemotherapy with methotrexate (MTX) is known to cause bone loss. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study investigated the potential role of MTX-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines and activation of NF-κB in the associated osteoclastogenesis in rats. MTX (0.75 mg/kg per day) was administered for 5 days, and bone and bone marrow(More)
Methotrexate (MTX) is a commonly used anti-metabolite in childhood oncology and is known to cause bone growth arrest and osteoporosis; yet the underlying mechanisms for MTX-induced bone growth defects remain largely unclear. This study characterized damaging effects in young rats of acute chemotherapy with 5 once-daily doses of MTX (0.75 mg/kg) on the(More)
Currently, there are no truly effective therapies for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced intestinal mucositis, a debilitating side effect with a pathophysiology common to many chemotherapy regimens. We tested the efficacy of a growth factor extract derived from cheese whey against experimental intestinal mucositis in rats. Rats were subcutaneously(More)
Zinc and its binding protein, metallothionein (MT), are important in regulating growth and development, and yet it is unclear how dietary Zn and MT interact in regulating bone growth. Here, 3.5-week female MT-I&II knockout (MT(-/-)) and wild type (MT(+/+)) mice were fed diets containing 2.5 (limiting, Zn-L), 15 or 50 mg Zn/kg (Zn adequate) for 5 or 9 weeks,(More)
Methotrexate (MTX) is a most commonly used anti-metabolite in cancer treatment and as an anti-rheumatic drug. While MTX chemotherapy at a high dose is known to cause bone growth defects in growing bones, effects of its chronic use at a low dose on growing skeleton remain less clear. Here, we examined effects on bone growth of long-term MTX chemotherapy at a(More)
Trefoil factor TFF3 has been implicated in intestinal protection and repair. This study investigated the spatiotemporal relationship between TFF3 expression and morphological changes during intestinal damage and repair in a rat model of methotrexate-induced small intestinal mucositis. Intestinal tissues from rats with mucositis were collected daily for 10(More)
Intensive use of cancer chemotherapy is increasingly linked with long-term skeletal side effects such as osteopenia, osteoporosis and fractures. However, cellular mechanisms by which chemotherapy affects bone integrity remain unclear. Methotrexate (MTX), used commonly as an anti-metabolite, is known to cause bone defects. To study the pathophysiology of(More)
Chemotherapy-induced bone growth arrest and osteoporosis are significant problems in paediatric cancer patients, and yet how chemotherapy affects bone growth remains unclear. This study characterised development and resolution of damage caused by acute chemotherapy with antimetabolite 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in young rats in the growth plate cartilage and(More)
BACKGROUND We tested the ability of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) to reduce damage to the intestinal mucosa (mucositis) in rats injected with methotrexate. IGF-I was infused concurrent with methotrexate administration and compared to IGF-I administered following the withdrawal of methotrexate. METHODS Rats were injected with methotrexate at the(More)
Chemotherapy often induces bone growth defects in pediatric cancer patients; yet the underlying cellular mechanisms remain unclear and currently no preventative treatments are available. Using an acute chemotherapy model in young rats with the commonly used antimetabolite methotrexate (MTX), this study investigated damaging effects of five once-daily MTX(More)