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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS It has recently been suggested that the rs738409 G allele in PNPLA3, which encodes adiponutrin, is strongly associated with increased liver fat content in three different ethnic groups. The aims of the present study were as follows: (1) to try to replicate these findings in European individuals with quantitative measures of hepatic fat(More)
Recently, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (VEGFR-3) has been shown to provide a specific marker for lymphatic endothelia in certain human tissues. In this study, we have investigated the expression of VEGFR-3 and its ligands VEGF-C and VEGF-D in fetal and adult tissues. VEGFR-3 was consistently detected in the endothelium of lymphatic vessels(More)
The colorectum and uterine endometrium are the two most commonly affected organs in hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC), but the genetic basis of organ selection is poorly understood. As tumorigenesis in HNPCC is driven by deficient DNA mismatch repair (MMR), we compared its typical consequence, instability at microsatellite sequences, in(More)
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome is associated with an inherited predisposition to primarily colorectal cancer (CRC) and endometrial cancer (EC); however, the biological basis of the organ involvement remains unknown. As an attempt to explore whether the expression levels of MLH1, MSH2, and MSH6 may play a role, we used(More)
UNLABELLED Serum calcitonin and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) are markers of recurrent or persistent disease in medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). However, conventional imaging often fails to localize metastatic disease. Our aim was to compare fluorine-labeled dihydroxyphenylalanine ((18)F-DOPA) and (18)F-FDG PET/CT with multidetector CT (MDCT) and MRI in(More)
MDM2 plays a key role in modulating p53 function. The MDM2 SNP309T > G promoter polymorphism enhances Sp1 binding and has been linked to cancer risk and young age at diagnosis although with conflicting evidence. We report a second MDM2 promoter polymorphism, SNP285G > C, residing on the SNP309G allele. SNP285C occurs in Caucasians only, where 7.7% (95% CI(More)
Little has been known about the molecular background of familial multiple cutaneous leiomyomatosis (MCL). We report here a clinical, histopathological, and molecular study of a multiple cutaneous leiomyomatosis kindred with seven affected members. This detailed study revealed strong features of a recently described cancer predisposition syndrome, hereditary(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether 1) hepatic ceramide and diacylglycerol concentrations, 2) SCD1 activity, and 3) hepatic lipogenic index are increased in the human nonalcoholic fatty liver. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We studied 16 subjects with (n = 8) and without (n = 8) histologically determined nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL(+) and NAFL(-)) matched for(More)
Pheochromocytomas are rare sympathoadrenal tumors that are highly vascular. Their malignancy is extremely difficult to estimate on the basis of histopathological features. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of the most important angiogenic factors involved in both tumor growth and metastasis. In our search for new prognostic markers, we(More)
BACKGROUND Well-differentiated follicular thyroid carcinoma usually has a favourable prognosis and metastases are rare. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) that take part in adaptive and innate immunity have, in many tumours, both apoptotic and antiapoptotic effects, making their role in tumourigenesis controversial. Chronic inflammation is involved in many cancers.(More)