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Experimental models have indicated prothrombotic effects of inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) production, and anti-thrombotic effects of inhaled NO, but the influence of NO on platelet function in vivo in humans is not well established. We therefore investigated the effects of systemic inhibition of NO synthesis by N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) and of(More)
Anticoagulants used for platelet function studies in vitro may affect platelet responsiveness. In the present study we compared the influence of three different anticoagulants, sodium citrate, low molecular mass heparin, and recombinant hirudin, on platelet aggregation in whole blood in vitro, using impedance aggregometry. ADP and collagen induced(More)
BACKGROUND Roughly 400.000 cases of sepsis occur every year in the United States only and this is associated with a very high mortality. Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) triggers systemic inflammatory reactions in sepsis. However, down-stream cellular cascade initiated by LPS is still being elucidated. Nitric oxide (NO) and matrix metalloproteinases-2 and(More)
BACKGROUND Short-term infusion of NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) reversibly inhibits endogenous nitric oxide (NO) production in humans. We studied responses to more long-lasting (60 min) infusions, at doses high enough to cause effective inhibition of endogenous NO. METHODS Eight healthy volunteers had catheters (pulmonary, arterial and venous) placed.(More)
1. Nitric oxide has platelet-stabilizing effects. Inhaled nitric oxide is used to treat pulmonary disorders, and may prolong bleeding times, suggesting that it has effects on haemostasis. We therefore examined if inhaled nitric oxide influences platelet function in vivo in healthy subjects. 2. Platelet aggregability (filtragometry ex vivo, which reflects(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine possible adverse effects on haemostasis from prolonged exposure to inhaled nitric oxide (iNO). DESIGN AND SETTING Blinded, randomised, experimental animal study in a university animal laboratory. INTERVENTIONS Anaesthetised and intubated piglets received central venous, arterial, and transabdominal urinary catheters. Twelve piglets(More)