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OBJECTIVE As regular physical exercise improves endothelial dysfunction and promotes cardiovascular health, we investigated the effect of training on angiogenesis by measuring the number of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC), the level of EPC-mobilizing growth factors and tested vascular function by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in patients with(More)
Inflammatory pathways are involved in destabilization of atherosclerotic plaques. We assessed the hypothesis that endurance training decreases circulating concentrations of inflammatory markers in persons with coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs). Thirty-two subjects with CAD and/or CVRFs joined a 12-week supervised(More)
The reductions in mortality and morbidity being achieved among cancer patients with current therapies represent a major achievement. However, given their mechanisms of action, many anti-cancer agents may have significant potential for cardiovascular side effects, including the induction of heart failure. The magnitude of this problem remains unclear and is(More)
AIMS Copeptin, the C-terminal part of the vasopressin pro-hormone, is elevated after myocardial infarction and predicts adverse outcome. In the present study we investigated whether the complementary role of copeptin and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) could be used for identification of high-risk patients with chronic stable heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the permeability of endothelial monolayers for endothelin-1 and a possible directionality of the endothelin-1 secretion process. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were cultured on acellular amniotic membranes, dividing the tissue culture wells into an apical (luminal) and a basolateral (abluminal) compartment.(More)
AIMS The aim of the ReoPro-BRIDGING Austrian multi-centre study was to investigate the effects of abciximab (ReoPro) on early reperfusion in ST-elevation myocardial infarction prior to or during primary percutaneous coronary angioplasty (pPCI). METHODS AND RESULTS Fifty-five patients with STEMI were randomized either to start abciximab (0.25 mg/kg bolus(More)
The pleiotropic cytokine oncostatin M (OSM), a member of the glycoprotein (gp)130 ligand family, plays a key role in inflammation and cardiovascular disease. As inflammation precedes and accompanies pathological angiogenesis, we investigated the effect of OSM and other gp130 ligands on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production in human vascular(More)
The regulated expression of adhesion molecules on the surface of endothelial cells is a key process in the pathogenesis of inflammation. The saponin astragaloside IV (AS-IV), a 3-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-6-O-beta-D-glucopyranosylcycloastragenol purified from the Chinese medical herb Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch) Bge. has been shown to have anti-inflammatory(More)
AIM/HYPOTHESIS E-selectin is thought to play a key role in the early stages of vascular disease by facilitating the attachment of leukocytes to the endothelium. Recently, a polymorphism in the E-selectin gene (S128R) has been associated with higher E-selectin levels in patients with diabetes mellitus and with premature coronary artery disease. The impact of(More)
OBJECTIVES It is believed that adipose tissue acts as an endocrine organ by producing inflammatory mediators and thereby contributes to the increased cardiovascular risk seen in obesity. A link between adipose tissue mass and angiogenesis has been suggested. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) seems to be implicated in this process. Members of the(More)