Johann Stanek

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Inhibitors of the polyamine biosynthetic enzyme S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC), derived from methylglyoxal-bis(guanylhydrazone) (MGBG), have been shown to have significant antitumor activity in several human solid tumor systems (U. Regenass et al., Cancer Res., 52:4712-4718, 1992). From an ongoing effort to synthesize derivatives with increased(More)
UNLABELLED The multidrug efflux transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is expressed in high concentrations at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and is believed to be implicated in resistance to central nervous system drugs. We used small-animal PET and (R)-11C-verapamil together with tariquidar, a new-generation P-gp modulator, to study the functional activity of(More)
We evaluated the usefulness of small animal brain positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with the amyloid-beta (Aβ) probe 2-(1-{6-[(2-[18F]fluoroethyl)(methyl)amino]-2-naphthyl}ethylidene)malonitrile ([18F]FDDNP) and with 2-deoxy-2-[F-18]fluoro-d-glucose (FDG) for detection and quantification of pathological changes occurring in a transgenic mouse model(More)
UNLABELLED The adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporters P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) are 2 major gatekeepers at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) that restrict brain distribution of several clinically used drugs. In this study, we investigated the suitability of the radiolabeled Pgp/BCRP inhibitors(More)
Using positron emission tomography (PET) imaging we assessed, in vivo, the interaction between a microdose of (R)-[(11)C]verapamil (a P-glycoprotein (Pgp) substrate) and escalating doses of the Pgp inhibitor tariquidar (3, 4, 6, and 8 mg/kg) at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in healthy human subjects. We compared the dose-response relationship of tariquidar(More)
Overactivity of the multidrug efflux transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is believed to play an important role in resistance to central nervous system drug treatment. (R)-[11C]verapamil (VPM) PET can be used to measure the function of P-gp at the BBB, but low brain uptake of VPM hampers the mapping of regional differences in(More)
With the aim to develop a positron emission tomography (PET) tracer to assess the distribution of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in vivo, the potent third-generation P-gp inhibitor elacridar (1) was labeled with (11)C by reaction of O-desmethyl 1 with [(11)C]-methyl triflate. In vitro autoradiography and small-animal PET imaging of(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a positron emission tomography (PET) tracer based on the dual P-glycoprotein (P-gp) breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) inhibitor tariquidar (1) to study the interaction of 1 with P-gp and BCRP in the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in vivo. O-Desmethyl-1 was synthesized and reacted with [(11)C]methyl triflate to afford(More)
Elacridar (ELC) and tariquidar (TQD) are generally thought to be nontransported inhibitors of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), but recent data indicate that they may also be substrates of these multidrug transporters (MDTs). The present study was designed to investigate potential transport of ELC and TQD by MDTs at the(More)
Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacy, University of Veterinary Medicine, and Center for Systems Neuroscience, Hannover, Germany: J.P.B., M.B., K.R., M.F., W.L. Department of Nuclear Medicine, Preclinical Molecular Imaging, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany: J.P.B. Health and Environment Department, Biomedical Systems, AIT Austrian(More)