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BACKGROUND Studies indicate that low plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is associated with a range of disease processes, many of which are inflammatory. However, other lipid-soluble vitamins decrease during the systemic inflammatory response, and this response may confound the interpretation of plasma 25(OH)D. OBJECTIVE The objective was to examine(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency abdominal surgery carries a high risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Goal directed therapy has been advocated to improve outcome in high-risk surgery. The aim of the present pilot study was to examine the effect of goal directed therapy using fluid alone on postoperative renal function and organ failure score in patients(More)
To investigate whether the established reductions in heart rate and cardiac output with hyperoxia in humans are primary effects or secondary to increases in systemic vascular resistance, we paced the hearts of nine patients with permanent pacemakers at a fixed rate when breathing either medical air (inspired O(2) fraction 0.21) or oxygen (inspired O(2)(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess the hemodynamic changes in response to normobaric hyperoxia in patients immediately after coronary artery bypass surgery. DESIGN Observational study. SETTING Single-center university hospital. PARTICIPANTS Patients immediately after coronary artery bypass surgery. INTERVENTION Change of fractional(More)
In this prospective, randomised, double-blind study, we compared the effects of two dosage regimens. Pregnant patients at term were randomly assigned to two groups to be given diamorphine 0.4 mg in hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% 2.4 ml or diamorphine 0.4 mg in a volume of hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% adjusted according to the patient's height and weight.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Increased inspired oxygen fractions (FiO2) have significant haemodynamic effects in awake volunteers. We sought to establish whether these effects are also present in anaesthetized patients. METHODS We prospectively studied 30 ASA I-II patients, 15 in each of a propofol and sevoflurane group. Their haemodynamic responses, awake(More)
Fifteen healthy volunteers were exposed to a stepwise increase in FIO2 between 0.21 and 1.0, and their haemodynamic responses were measured with a non-invasive transthoracic bio-impedance monitor. There was mean reduction in cardiac index from 3.44 to 3.08 l.min-1.m-2 (10.7%, p < 0.001). The mean reduction in heart rate was from 77.3 to 69.1 beats.min-1(More)
We have studied the intubating conditions in 60 ASA I or II patients, after induction of anaesthesia with propofol 2 mg kg-1, allocated to one of the following three groups: group 1, remifentanil 1 microgram kg-1; group 2, remifentanil 1 microgram kg-1 and lignocaine 1 mg kg-1; group 3, remifentanil 2 micrograms kg-1. No neuromuscular blocking agents were(More)
Target controlled infusions of propofol use a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model to calculate an effect site concentration of the drug. We assessed the cardiovascular stability of 10 healthy patients using non-invasive thoracic bioimpedance and their 'depth' of anaesthesia using the Bispectral index after they had been anaesthetised to a constant effect(More)