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The self-assembly of labeled aptamer sub-units in the presence of their substrates provides a method for the optical (fluorescence) or electrochemical detection of the substrate. One of the sub-units is linked to CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs), and the self-assembly of the dye-functionalized second sub-unit with the modified QDs, in the presence of cocaine,(More)
Biomolecular logic devices can be applied for sensing and nano-medicine. We built three DNA tweezers that are activated by the inputs H(+)/OH(-); ; nucleic acid linker/complementary antilinker to yield a 16-states finite-state automaton. The outputs of the automata are the configuration of the respective tweezers (opened or closed) determined by observing(More)
Biological systems that are capable of performing computational operations could be of use in bioengineering and nanomedicine, and DNA and other biomolecules have already been used as active components in biocomputational circuits. There have also been demonstrations of DNA/RNA-enzyme-based automatons, logic control of gene expression, and RNA systems for(More)
The hemin/G-quadruplex horseradish peroxidase-mimicking DNAzyme is assembled on Au electrodes. It reveals bioelectrocatalytic properties and electrocatalyzes the reduction of H(2)O(2). The bioelectrocatalytic functions of the hemin/G-quadruplex DNAzyme are used to develop electrochemical sensors that follow the activity of glucose oxidase and biosensors for(More)
A systematic study of the amplified optical detection of DNA by Mg(2+)-dependent DNAzyme subunits is described. The use of two DNAzyme subunits and the respective fluorophore/quencher-modified substrate allows the detection of the target DNA with a sensitivity corresponding to 1 × 10(-9) M. The use of two functional hairpin structures that include the(More)
The activation of a DNAzyme cascade by the cooperative self-assembly of multicomponent nucleic acid structures is suggested as a method for the amplified sensing of DNA, or the specific substrates of aptamers. According to one configuration, the DNA analyte 1 is detected by two tailored nucleic acids 2 and 3 that form a multicomponent supramolecular(More)
The assembly of a "bipedal walker" and of a "bipedal stepper" using DNA constructs is described. These DNA machines are activated by H(+)/OH(-) and Hg(2+)/cysteine triggers. The bipedal walker is activated on a DNA template consisting of four nucleic acid footholds. The forward "walking" of the DNA on the template track is activated by Hg(2+) ions and H(+)(More)