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Vertebrate striated muscle behaves elastically when stretched and this property is thought to reside primarily within the giant filamentous protein, titin (connectin). The elastic portion of titin comprises two distinct structural motifs, immunoglobulin (Ig) domains and the PEVK titin, which is a novel motif family rich in proline, glutamate, valine and(More)
Different myosin isoenzymes of pig and human atrium and ventricle and rat ventricle were characterized by two approaches: pyrophosphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PP-PAGE) and analysis of the myosin P light chains by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE). We further investigated the relation between atrial and ventricular(More)
Skinned fibers from the normal human heart with the beta-myosin heavy chain (ventricular fibers) revealed both a higher force generation per cross section and a higher Ca2+ sensitivity than skinned fibers with the alpha-myosin heavy chain (atrial fibers). The relation between isometric ATPase activity and isometric tension of atrial fibers was higher than(More)
The classic molecular biology methods like Northern or Southern blot analyse non-amplified DNA or RNA, but need large amounts of nucleic acids, in many instances from tissues or cells that are heterogeneous. In contrast, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based techniques allow us to obtain genetic information through the specific amplification of nucleic acid(More)
Myasthenia gravis (MG) patients develop autoantibodies primarily against the acetylcholine receptor in the motor endplate, but also against intracellular striated muscle proteins, notably titin, the giant elastic protein of the myofibrillar cytoskeleton. Titin antibodies have previously been shown to be directed against a single epitope on the molecule,(More)
Bundles of glycerol-extracted psoas fibres which were contracted by immersion in a saline containing 15 mM MgATP and 12 micron free Ca++ were subjected to up to 3 stretches (rise time 0.8 msec) each of amplitude 1% Li at intervals of 10 msec. The elastic tension responses to these stretches were all of comparable size and the peak tensions reached during(More)
Wilhelm Hasselbach (1921–2015) is best known for his major contribution to the discovery and molecular elucidation of an ATP-driven active ion transport across a biological membrane. He had discovered SERCA, the calcium pump of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (Hasselbach and Makinose in Biochem Z 333:518–528, 1961; Biochem Z 339:94–111, 1963).
Certain psychosomatic disorders such as chronic psychosomatic pain, phobias and other anxiety disorders as well as depression are often stress-related but may also be acquired by learning associated with traumatic experience. As learning is based on changes in neuronal networks, the brain will be altered in these diseases. In turn, brain structure and(More)
Isometric force responses following flash photolysis of caged-ATP were measured from skinned preparations of the catch muscle anterior byssus retractor of Mytilus (ABRM). When fibres were transferred from Ca(2+)-free to Ca(2+)-containing rigor solution (pCa < 4) the force remained low, but flash photolysis produced an extended force increase (half-time,(More)