Johann Baringer

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Twenty-three strains of herpes simplex virus type 1 were compared for their pathogenicity in 4-week-old BALB/c mice after peripheral (footpad) or intracerebral inoculation. Among those strains examined were (i) six clinical isolates of brain or cerebrospinal fluid origin, (ii) seven clinical isolates of oral or genital origin, (iii) five prototype(More)
Dramatic progress has been made recently in diagnosing and treating herpes simplex virus encephalitis (HSVE). Advances in imaging technology have greatly enhanced our ability to diagnose the illness noninvasively. Acyclovir is of proven efficacy and is generally well-tolerated. The major clinical management problem is that the pathologic process in the(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is known to establish latency in human trigeminal ganglia. It has been speculated that the virus might also be present in latent fashion in normal human brain, where it might be responsible for conditions such as herpes simplex encephalitis, and less plausibly as a cause for multiple sclerosis or Alzheimer's disease. To test the(More)
Both tubular and spherical densities have been described in postsynaptic processes of mice with clinical scrapie. To determine whether the tubular appearances resulted from tubular structures or from overlap of spherical particles, electron microscopic examination was performed by tilting the specimen through large angles. In every instance where such could(More)
Scrapie is considered a prototype of the spongiform encephalopathies. This group of diseases is characterized by a prolonged incubation period, without symptoms, followed by an insidious onset of clinical disease leading to death. Attention has mainly been focused on central nervous system pathology, and reports of pathology in the retina have been limited.(More)
Mice with experimental Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) develop a progressive retinal degeneration after a prolonged incubation period. Sections of the eyes stained with hematoxylin and eosin revealed pathologic changes in the optic nerve and a marked degeneration of photoreceptor cell inner and outer segment areas. Both peripheral and central retina,(More)
Sural nerve biopsy was performed on a six-year-old girl with a slowly progressive distal mixed polyneuropathy. The nerve fiber population was reduced, and of those remaining, approximately half were greatly enlarged, measuring up to 35 microns in cross section. Longitudinal sections showed axonal enlargement to be segmental. Ultrastructurally, swollen(More)
The neurological manifestations of six cases of acquired central nervous system toxoplasmosis are compared with the 39 well-documented cases from the literature. Half of the patients had underlying systemic diseases (18 malignant neoplasms, two renal transplants, three collagen vascular diseases) treated with intensive immunosuppressive therapy. The(More)