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PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of induced metabolic alkalosis, via sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) ingestion, on muscle metabolism and power output during repeated short-duration cycle sprints. METHODS : Ten active females (mean +/- SD: age = 19 +/- 2 yr, VO2max = 41.0 +/- 8.8 mL x kg x min ) ingested either 0.3 g x kg NaHCO3 or(More)
In addition to a high aerobic fitness, the ability to buffer hydrogen ions (H+) may also be important for repeated-sprint ability (RSA). We therefore investigated the relationship between muscle buffer capacity (βmin vivo and βmin vitro) and RSA. Thirty-four untrained females [mean (SD): age 19 (1) years, maximum oxygen uptake (V̇O2peak) 42.3 (7.1)(More)
PURPOSE We compared the effects of high-intensity interval (HIT) and moderate-intensity continuous (MIT) training (matched for total work) on changes in repeated-sprint ability (RSA) and muscle metabolism. METHODS Pre- and posttraining, VO(2peak), lactate threshold (LT), and RSA (5 x 6-s sprints, every 30 s) were assessed in 20 females. Before and(More)
We examined acute molecular responses in skeletal muscle to repeated sprint and resistance exercise bouts. Six men [age, 24.7 +/- 6.3 yr; body mass, 81.6 +/- 7.3 kg; peak oxygen uptake, 47 +/- 9.9 mlxkg(-1)xmin(-1); one repetition maximum (1-RM) leg extension 92.2 +/- 12.5 kg; means +/- SD] were randomly assigned to trials consisting of either resistance(More)
The regulation of intracellular pH during intense muscle contractions occurs via a number of different transport systems [e.g., monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs)] and via intracellular buffering (beta m(in vitro)). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an acute bout of high-intensity exercise on both MCT relative abundance and beta m(in(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine the early time course of exercise-induced signaling after divergent contractile activity associated with resistance and endurance exercise. METHODS Sixteen male subjects were randomly assigned to either a cycling (CYC; n = 8, 60 min, 70% V˙O2peak) or resistance (REX; n = 8, 8 x 5 leg extension, 80%(More)
We examined changes in muscle buffer capacity (βmin vitro), $$ \ifmmode\expandafter\dot\else\expandafter\.\fi{V}{\text{O}}_{{{\text{2peak}}}} $$ and the lactate threshold (LT) after 5 weeks of high-intensity interval training (INT) above the LT or moderate-intensity continuous training (CON) just below the LT. Prior to and immediately after training, 16(More)
This study determined the effects of altering the H(+) concentration during interval training, by ingesting NaHCO(3) (Alk-T) or a placebo (Pla-T), on changes in muscle buffer capacity (beta m), endurance performance, and muscle metabolites. Pre- and posttraining peak O(2) uptake (V(O2 peak)), lactate threshold (LT), and time to fatigue at 100% pretraining(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the effects of resistance training on muscle buffer capacity, H regulation, and repeated-sprint ability (RSA). METHODS Sixteen recreationally active females performed a graded exercise test to determine VO2peak and the lactate threshold (LT), a repeated-sprint test (5 x 6 s, every 30 s) to determine RSA, and a 60-s high-intensity(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine whether compression garments improve intermittent-sprint performance and aid performance or self-reported recovery from high-intensity efforts on consecutive days. METHODS Following familiarization, 14 male rugby players performed two randomized testing conditions (with or without garments) involving(More)