Johana Arana

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In vitro and animal experiments have shown that the transport and signaling of β2-adrenergic agonists are pH-sensitive. Inhaled albuterol, a hydrophilic β2-adrenergic agonist, is widely used for the treatment of obstructive airway diseases. Acute exacerbations of obstructive airway diseases can be associated with changes in ventilation leading to either(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking has been associated with diminished vasodilatory function in the airway circulation. It is possible that cigarette smoking similarly affects the pulmonary circulation before resting pulmonary circulatory abnormalities become manifested. The aim of this study was to compare the acute effect of inhaled albuterol on airway and(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously shown that in patients with asthma a single dose of an inhaled glucocorticosteroid (ICS) acutely potentiates inhaled albuterol-induced airway vascular smooth muscle relaxation through a nongenomic action. An effect on airway smooth muscle was not seen, presumably because the patients had normal lung function. The purpose of the(More)
Reflux esophagitis is believed to be related to acid exposure, and it is tempting to assume that the extent of mucosal damage should correlate with pH-metering values. In order to test this hypothesis we studied 151 children with gastroesophageal reflux (GER) documented by X-ray manometry, and pH studies fiberendoscopically. Biopsies taken from each child(More)
Among the tests currently available for diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux (GER), esophageal manometry is the hardest to perform in alert children because of their lack of cooperation. Therefore, it is usually performed under some form of sedation. In an attempt to investigate whether medication by itself modifies esophageal motility, we compared the(More)
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