Johan Zelano

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Complement proteins C1q and C3 play a critical role in synaptic elimination during development. Axotomy of spinal motoneurons triggers removal of synaptic terminals from the cell surface of motoneurons by largely unknown mechanisms. We therefore hypothesized that the complement system is involved also in synaptic stripping of injured motoneurons. In the(More)
SynCAM1 and neuroligins (NLGs) are adhesion molecules that govern synapse formation in vitro. In vivo, the molecules are expressed during synaptogenesis, and altered NLG function is linked to synapse dysfunction in autism. Less is known about SynCAM1 and NLGs in adult synapse remodeling. CNS synapse elimination occurs after peripheral nerve injury, which(More)
After peripheral axotomy, synapses are eliminated from the somata of spinal motoneurons. Recent evidence indicates that synaptic adhesion molecules play a role in maintenance of synaptic contacts, but so far such molecules have not been investigated in the context of synapse elimination after injury. In vitro, the neuroligins (NLGs) and SynCAM1 drive(More)
PURPOSE Status epilepticus (SE) has attracted renewed interest lately, and efforts are made to optimize every treatment stage. For refractory SE, optimal supporting care involves mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit (ICU) admission. Infections often complicate SE and recently a single-centre observational study demonstrated an association between(More)
The complement system is activated in a wide spectrum of CNS diseases and is suggested to play a role in degenerative phenomena such as elimination of synaptic terminals. Still, little is known of mechanisms regulating complement activation in the CNS. Loss of synaptic terminals in the spinal cord after an experimental nerve injury is increased in the(More)
We here study the expression patterns of the cell adhesion molecules nectin-1, nectin-3, N-cadherin, and neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) in motoneurons after sciatic nerve transection (SNT). Nectins are a newly discovered family of adhesion molecules that colocalize with N-cadherin in synapses and are expressed in axons during development. By in situ(More)
The risk of death is increased for persons with epilepsy. The literature on causes of death in epilepsy is based mainly on cohorts with epilepsy of mixed aetiologies. For clinical purposes and improved understanding of mortality in different epilepsies, more information is needed on mortality in epilepsies of specific causes. In poststroke epilepsy (PSE),(More)
The favorable prognosis of regeneration in the peripheral nervous system after axonal lesions is generally regarded as dependent on the Schwann cell basal lamina. Laminins, a heterotrimeric group of basal lamina molecules, have been suggested to be among the factors playing this supportive role. For neurons to utilize laminin as a substrate for growth, an(More)
Peripheral axotomy of motoneurons triggers Wallerian degeneration of injured axons distal to the lesion, followed by axon regeneration. Centrally, axotomy induces loss of synapses (synaptic stripping) from the surface of lesioned motoneurons in the spinal cord. At the lesion site, reactive Schwann cells provide trophic support and guidance for outgrowing(More)
BACKGROUND The role of new antiepileptic drugs (AED) in the treatment of status epilepticus (SE) is of interest, especially in benzodiazepine-resistant status epilepticus where phenytoin is deemed inappropriate due to allergy or comorbidity. Levetiracetam (LEV) is a new AED with few side effects. It is easy to administer. Reports exist of its use in SE in(More)