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Complement proteins C1q and C3 play a critical role in synaptic elimination during development. Axotomy of spinal motoneurons triggers removal of synaptic terminals from the cell surface of motoneurons by largely unknown mechanisms. We therefore hypothesized that the complement system is involved also in synaptic stripping of injured motoneurons. In the(More)
Peripheral axotomy of motoneurons triggers Wallerian degeneration of injured axons distal to the lesion, followed by axon regeneration. Centrally, axotomy induces loss of synapses (synaptic stripping) from the surface of lesioned motoneurons in the spinal cord. At the lesion site, reactive Schwann cells provide trophic support and guidance for outgrowing(More)
Synapse elimination in the adult central nervous system can be modelled by axotomy of spinal motoneurons which triggers removal of synapses from the cell surface of lesioned motoneurons by processes that remain elusive. Proposed candidate mechanisms are removal of synapses by reactive microglia and astrocytes, based on the remarkable activation of these(More)
The favorable prognosis of regeneration in the peripheral nervous system after axonal lesions is generally regarded as dependent on the Schwann cell basal lamina. Laminins, a heterotrimeric group of basal lamina molecules, have been suggested to be among the factors playing this supportive role. For neurons to utilize laminin as a substrate for growth, an(More)
We here study the expression patterns of the cell adhesion molecules nectin-1, nectin-3, N-cadherin, and neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) in motoneurons after sciatic nerve transection (SNT). Nectins are a newly discovered family of adhesion molecules that colocalize with N-cadherin in synapses and are expressed in axons during development. By in situ(More)
SynCAM1 and neuroligins (NLGs) are adhesion molecules that govern synapse formation in vitro. In vivo, the molecules are expressed during synaptogenesis, and altered NLG function is linked to synapse dysfunction in autism. Less is known about SynCAM1 and NLGs in adult synapse remodeling. CNS synapse elimination occurs after peripheral nerve injury, which(More)
INTRODUCTION Recently, several epidemiological studies have demonstrated that epilepsy develops after approximately 10% of all cerebrovascular lesions. With an aging population, poststroke epilepsy is likely to be of increasing relevance to neurologists and more knowledge on the condition is needed. Patients with poststroke epilepsy are likely to differ(More)
Netrin G-2 ligand (NGL-2) and synaptic adhesion like molecules induce synapses in vitro. We investigated the expression of these molecules in a model of CNS synaptic detachment and restoration in vivo. After axotomy of spinal motoneurons, synapses are lost from the somata of lesioned motoneurons. We could not detect any synaptic adhesion like molecule mRNA(More)
After peripheral axotomy, synapses are eliminated from the somata of spinal motoneurons. Recent evidence indicates that synaptic adhesion molecules play a role in maintenance of synaptic contacts, but so far such molecules have not been investigated in the context of synapse elimination after injury. In vitro, the neuroligins (NLGs) and SynCAM1 drive(More)
BACKGROUND The role of new antiepileptic drugs (AED) in the treatment of status epilepticus (SE) is of interest, especially in benzodiazepine-resistant status epilepticus where phenytoin is deemed inappropriate due to allergy or comorbidity. Levetiracetam (LEV) is a new AED with few side effects. It is easy to administer. Reports exist of its use in SE in(More)